Promise.resolve()

The Promise.resolve() method returns a Promise object that is resolved with a given value. If the value is a promise, that promise is returned; if the value is a thenable (i.e. has a "then" method), the returned promise will "follow" that thenable, adopting its eventual state; otherwise the returned promise will be fulfilled with the value. This function flattens nested layers of promise-like objects (e.g. a promise that resolves to a promise that resolves to something) into a single layer.

Syntax

Promise.resolve(value);

Parameters

value
Argument to be resolved by this Promise. Can also be a Promise or a thenable to resolve.

Return value

A Promise that is resolved with the given value, or the promise passed as value, if the value was a promise object.

Description

The static Promise.resolve function returns a Promise that is resolved.

Examples

Using the static Promise.resolve method

Promise.resolve('Success').then(function(value) {
  console.log(value); // "Success"
}, function(value) {
  // not called
});

Resolving an array

var p = Promise.resolve([1,2,3]);
p.then(function(v) {
  console.log(v[0]); // 1
});

Resolving another Promise

var original = Promise.resolve(33);
var cast = Promise.resolve(original);
cast.then(function(value) {
  console.log('value: ' + value);
});
console.log('original === cast ? ' + (original === cast));

// logs, in order:
// original === cast ? true
// value: 33

The inverted order of the logs is due to the fact that the then handlers are called asynchronously. See how then works here.

Resolving thenables and throwing Errors

// Resolving a thenable object
var p1 = Promise.resolve({
  then: function(onFulfill, onReject) { onFulfill('fulfilled!'); }
});
console.log(p1 instanceof Promise) // true, object casted to a Promise

p1.then(function(v) {
    console.log(v); // "fulfilled!"
  }, function(e) {
    // not called
});

// Thenable throws before callback
// Promise rejects
var thenable = { then: function(resolve) {
  throw new TypeError('Throwing');
  resolve('Resolving');
}};

var p2 = Promise.resolve(thenable);
p2.then(function(v) {
  // not called
}, function(e) {
  console.error(e); // TypeError: Throwing
});

// Thenable throws after callback
// Promise resolves
var thenable = { then: function(resolve) {
  resolve('Resolving');
  throw new TypeError('Throwing');
}};

var p3 = Promise.resolve(thenable);
p3.then(function(v) {
  console.log(v); // "Resolving"
}, function(e) {
  // not called
});

Specifications

Specification
ECMAScript (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Promise.resolve' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

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See also