# XRRigidTransform.matrix

The read-only XRRigidTransform property matrix returns the transform matrix represented by the object. The returned matrix can then be premultiplied with a column vector to rotate the vector by the 3D rotation specified by the orientation, then translate it by the position.

## Syntax

let matrix = xrRigidTransform.matrix;

### Value

A Float32Array containing 16 entries which represents the 4x4 transform matrix which is described by the position and orientation properties.

## Usage notes

### Matrix format

All 4x4 transform matrices used in WebGL are stored in 16-element Float32Arrays. The values are stored into the array in column-major order; that is, each column is written into the array top-down before moving to the right one column and writing the next column into the array. Thus, for an array [a0, a1, a2, ..., a13, a14, a15], the matrix looks like this:

$[aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa]\begin{bmatrix} a & a & a & a\\ a & a & a & a\\ a & a & a & a\\ a & a & a & a\\ \end{bmatrix}$

The first time matrix is requested, it gets computed; after that, it's should be cached to avoid slowing down to compute it every time you need it.

### Creating the matrix

In this section, intended for more advanced readers, we cover how the API calculates the matrix for the specified transform. It begins by allocating a new matrix and writing a 4x4 identity matrix into it:

$\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 & 0\\ 0 & 1 & 0 & 0\\ 0 & 0 & 1 & 0\\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$

This is a transform that will not change either the orientation or position of any point, vector, or object to which it's applied.

Next, the position is placed into the right-hand column, like this, resulting in a translation matrix that will transform a coordinate system by the specified distance in each dimension, with no rotational change. Here px, py, and pz are the values of the x, y, and z members of the DOMPointReadOnly position.

$[100px010py001pz0001]\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 & x\\ 0 & 1 & 0 & y\\ 0 & 0 & 1 & z\\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$

Then a rotation matrix is created by computing a column-vector rotation matrix from the unit quaternion specified by orientation:

$[1-2(qy2+qz2)2(qxqy-qzqw)2(qxqz+qyqw)02(qxqy+qzqw)1-2(qx2+qz2)2(qyqz-qxqw)02(qxqz-qyqw)2(qyqz+qxqw)1-2(qx2+qy2)00001]\begin{bmatrix} 1 - 2(q_y^2 + q_z^2) & 2(q_xq_y - q_zq_w) & 2(q_xq_z + q_yq_w) & p_x\\ 2(q_xq_y + q_zq_w) & 1 - 2(q_x^2 + q_z^2) & 2(q_yq_z - q_xq_w) & p_y\\ 2(q_xq_z - q_yq_w) & 2(q_yq_z + q_xq_w) & 1 - 2(q_x^2 + q_y^2) & p_z\\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$

The final transform matrix is calculated by multiplying the translation matrix by the rotation matrix, in the order (translation * rotation). This yields the final transform matrix as returned by matrix:

$[1-2(qy2+qz2)2(qxqy-qzqw)2(qxqz+qyqw)px2(qxqy+qzqw)1-2(qx2+qz2)2(qyqz-qxqw)py2(qxqz-qyqw)2(qyqz+qxqw)1-2(qx2+qy2)pz0001]\begin{bmatrix} 1 - 2(q_y^2 + q_z^2) & 2(q_xq_y - q_zq_w) & 2(q_xq_z + q_yq_w) & p_x\\ 2(q_xq_y + q_zq_w) & 1 - 2(q_x^2 + q_z^2) & 2(q_yq_z - q_xq_w) & p_y\\ 2(q_xq_z - q_yq_w) & 2(q_yq_z + q_xq_w) & 1 - 2(q_x^2 + q_y^2) & p_z\\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$

## Examples

In this example, a transform is created to create a matrix which can be used as a transform during rendering of WebGL objects, in order to place objects to match a given offset and orientation. The matrix is then passed into a library function that uses WebGL to render an object matching a given name using the transform matrix specified to position and orient it.

let transform = new XRRigidTransform(
{x: 0, y: 0.5, z: 0.5},
{x: 0, y: -0.5, z: -0.5, w: 1});
drawGLObject("magic-lamp", transform.matrix);


## Specifications

Specification Status Comment
WebXR Device API
The definition of 'XRRigidTransform.matrix' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition.

## Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
Desktop Mobile Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Chrome Full support 79 Edge No support No Firefox No support No IE No support No Opera No support No Safari No support No WebView Android No support No Chrome Android Full support 79 Firefox Android No support No Opera Android No support No Safari iOS No support No Samsung Internet Android No support No

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