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The WebXR Device API's XRViewport interface provides properties used to describe the size and position of the current viewport within the XRWebGLLayer being used to render the 3D scene.

Instance properties

height Read only

The height, in pixels, of the viewport.

width Read only

The width, in pixels, of the viewport.

x Read only

The offset from the origin of the destination graphics surface (typically a XRWebGLLayer) to the left edge of the viewport, in pixels.

y Read only

The offset from the origin of the viewport to the bottom edge of the viewport; WebGL's coordinate system places (0, 0) at the bottom left corner of the surface.

Usage notes

Currently, the only type of surface available is the XRWebGLLayer. The precise orientation of the coordinate system may vary with other surface types, but in WebGL, the origin (0, 0) is located at the bottom-left corner of the surface. Thus the values specified in an XRViewport define a rectangle whose bottom-left corner is at (x, y) and which extends width pixels toward the left and height pixels upward.

These values may be passed directly into the WebGLRenderingContext.viewport() method:

const xrViewport = xrWebGLLayer.getViewport(xrView);
gl.viewport(xrViewport.x, xrViewport.y, xrViewport.width, xrViewport.height);


This example sets up an animation frame callback using requestAnimationFrame(). After initial setup, it iterates over each of the views within the viewer's pose, configuring the viewport as dictated by the XRWebGLLayer.

xrSession.requestAnimationFrame((time, xrFrame) => {
  const viewerPose = xrFrame.getViewerPose(xrReferenceSpace);


  for (const xrView of viewerPose.views) {
    const xrViewport = xrWebGLLayer.getViewport(xrView);

    // Now we can use WebGL to draw into a viewport matching
    // the viewer's needs


WebXR Device API
# xrviewport-interface

Browser compatibility

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