Intl.DateTimeFormat Redirect 1

Summary

The Intl.DateTimeFormat object is a constructor for objects that enable language sensitive date and time formatting.

Syntax

new Intl.DateTimeFormat([locales [, options]])

Intl.DateTimeFormat.call(this [, locales [, options]])

Parameters

locales

A string with a BCP 47 language tag, or an array of such strings. For the general form and interpretation of the locales argument, see the Intl page. The following Unicode extension keys are allowed:

nu
Numbering system. Possible values include: "arab", "arabext", "bali", "beng", "deva", "fullwide", "gujr", "guru", "hanidec", "khmr", "knda", "laoo", "latn", "limb", "mlym", "mong", "mymr", "orya", "tamldec", "telu", "thai", "tibt".
ca
Calendar. Possible values include: "buddhist", "chinese", "coptic", "ethioaa", "ethiopic", "gregory", "hebrew", "indian", "islamic", "islamicc", "iso8601", "japanese", "persian", "roc".
options

An object with some or all of the following properties:

localeMatcher
The locale matching algorithm to use. Possible values are "lookup" and "best fit"; the default is "best fit". For information about this option, see the Intl page.
timeZone
The time zone to use. The only value implementations must recognize is "UTC"; the default is the runtime's default time zone. Implementations may also recognize the time zone names of the IANA time zone database, such as "Asia/Shanghai", "Asia/Kolkata", "America/New_York".
hour12
Whether to use 12-hour time (as opposed to 24-hour time). Possible values are true and false; the default is locale dependent.
formatMatcher
The format matching algorithm to use. Possible values are "basic" and "best fit"; the default is "best fit". See the following paragraphs for information about the use of this property.

The following properties describe the date-time components to use in formatted output, and their desired representations.  Implementations are required to support at least the following subsets:

  • weekday, year, month, day, hour, minute, second
  • weekday, year, month, day
  • year, month, day
  • year, month
  • month, day
  • hour, minute, second
  • hour, minute

Implementations may support other subsets, and requests will be negotiated against all available subset-representation combinations to find the best match. Two algorithms are available for this negotiation and selected by the formatMatcher property: A fully specified "basic" algorithm and an implementation dependent "best fit" algorithm.

weekday
The representation of the weekday. Possible values are "narrow", "short", "long".
era
The representation of the era. Possible values are "narrow", "short", "long".
year
The representation of the year. Possible values are "numeric", "2-digit".
month
The representation of the month. Possible values are "numeric", "2-digit", "narrow", "short", "long".
day
The representation of the day. Possible values are "numeric", "2-digit".
hour
The representation of the hour. Possible values are "numeric", "2-digit".
minute
The representation of the minute. Possible values are "numeric", "2-digit".
second
The representation of the second. Possible values are "numeric", "2-digit".
timeZoneName
The representation of the time zone name. Possible values are "short", "long".

The default value for each date-time component property is undefined, but if all component properties are undefined, then year, month, and day are assumed to be "numeric".

Description

Properties

Intl.DateTimeFormat.prototye
Allows the addition of properties to all objects.

Methods

Intl.DateTimeFormat.supportedLocalesOf()
Returns an array containing those of the provided locales that are supported without having to fall back to the runtime's default locale.

DateTimeFormat instances

Properties

DateTimeFormat instances inherit the following properties from their prototype:

Intl.DateTimeFormat.prototype.constructor
A reference to Intl.DateTimeFormat.
Intl.DateTimeFormat.prototype.format
Getter; returns a function that formats a date according to the locale and formatting options of this DateTimeFormat object.

Methods

DateTimeFormat instances inherit the following methods from their prototype:

Intl.DateTimeFormat.prototype.constructor
A reference to Intl.DateTimeFormat.
Intl.DateTimeFormat.prototype.format
Getter; returns a function that formats a date according to the locale and formatting options of this DateTimeFormat object.

Examples

Example: Using DateTimeFormat

In basic use without specifying a locale, DateTimeFormat uses the default locale and default options.

var date = new Date(Date.UTC(2012, 11, 20, 3, 0, 0));

// toLocaleString without arguments depends on the implementation,
// the default locale, and the default time zone
alert(new Intl.DateTimeFormat().format(date));
// → "12/19/2012" if run in en-US locale with time zone America/Los_Angeles

Example: Using locales

This example shows some of the variations in localized date and time formats. In order to get the format of the language used in the user interface of your application, make sure to specify that language (and possibly some fallback languages) using the locales argument:

var date = new Date(Date.UTC(2012, 11, 20, 3, 0, 0));

// formats below assume the local time zone of the locale;
// America/Los_Angeles for the US

// US English uses month-day-year order
alert(new Intl.DateTimeFormat("en-US").format(date));
// → "12/19/2012"

// British English uses day-month-year order
alert(new Intl.DateTimeFormat("en-GB").format(date));
// → "20/12/2012"

// Korean uses year-month-day order
alert(new Intl.DateTimeFormat("ko-KR").format(date));
// → "2012. 12. 20."

// Arabic in most Arabic speaking countries uses real Arabic digits
alert(new Intl.DateTimeFormat("ar-EG").format(date));
// → "٢٠‏/١٢‏/٢٠١٢"

// for Japanese, applications may want to use the Japanese calendar,
// where 2012 was the year 24 of the Heisei era
alert(new Intl.DateTimeFormat("ja-JP-u-ca-japanese").format(date));
// → "24/12/20"

// when requesting a language that may not be supported, such as
// Balinese, include a fallback language, in this case Indonesian
alert(new Intl.DateTimeFormat(["ban", "id"]).format(date));
// → "20/12/2012"

Example: Using options

The date and time formats can be customized using the options argument:

var date = new Date(Date.UTC(2012, 11, 20, 3, 0, 0));

// request a weekday along with a long date
var options = {weekday: "long", year: "numeric", month: "long", day: "numeric"};
alert(new Intl.DateTimeFormat("de-DE", options).format(date));
// → "Donnerstag, 20. Dezember 2012"

// an application may want to use UTC and make that visible
options.timeZone = "UTC";
options.timeZoneName = "short";
alert(new Intl.DateTimeFormat("en-US", options).format(date));
// → "Thursday, December 20, 2012, GMT"

// sometimes you want to be more precise
options = {hour: "numeric", minute: "numeric", second: "numeric",
           timeZoneName: "short"};
alert(new Intl.DateTimeFormat("en-AU", options).format(date));
// → "2:00:00 pm AEDT"

// sometimes even the US needs 24-hour time
options = {year: "numeric", month: "numeric", day: "numeric",
           hour: "numeric", minute: "numeric", second: "numeric",
           hour12: false};
alert(date.toLocaleString("en-US", options));
// → "12/19/2012, 19:00:00"

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript Internationalization API Specification 1st Edition (ECMA-402) Standard Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 24 29 (29) 11 15 Not supported
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support Not supported 26 Not supported
bug 864843
Not supported Not supported Not supported

See also

 

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: Sheppy
Last updated by: Sheppy,