Animations and tweens

This is the 14th step out of 16 of the Gamedev Phaser tutorial. You can find the source code as it should look after completing this lesson at Gamedev-Phaser-Content-Kit/demos/lesson14.html.

To make the game look more juicy and alive we can use animations and tweens. This will result in a better, more entertaining experience. Let's explore how to implement Phaser animations and tweens in our game.

Animations

In Phaser, animations, involve taking a spritesheet from an external source and displaying the sprites sequentially. As an example, we will make the ball wobble when it hits something.

First of all, grab the spritesheet from Github and save it in your /img directory.

Next, we will load the spritesheet — put the following line at the bottom of your preload() function:

game.load.spritesheet('ball', 'img/wobble.png', 20, 20);

Instead of loading a single image of the ball we can load the whole spritesheet — a collection of different images. We will show the sprites sequentially to create the illusion of animation. The spritesheet() method's two extra paremeters determine the width and height of each single frame in the given spritesheet file, indicating to the program how to chop it up to get the individual frames.

Loading the animation

Next up, go into your create() function, find the line that loads the ball sprite, and below it put the call to animations.add() seen below:

ball = game.add.sprite(50, 250, 'ball');
ball.animations.add('wobble', [0,1,0,2,0,1,0,2,0], 24);

To add an animation to the object we use the animations.add() method, which contains the following parameters

  • The name we chose for the animation
  • An array defining the order in which to display the frames during the animation. If you look again at the wobble.png image, you'll see there are three frames. Phaser extracts these and stores references them in an array — positions 0, 1, and 2. The above array says that we are displaying frame 0, then 1, then 0, etc.
  • The framerate, in fps. Since we are running the animation at 24fps and there are 9 frames, the animation will display just under three times per second.

Applying the animation when the ball hits the paddle

In the arcade.collide() method call that handles the collision between the ball and the paddle (the first line inside update(), see below) we can add an extra parameter that specifies a function to be executed every time the collision happens, in the same fasion as the ballHitBrick() function. Update the first line inside update() as shown below:

function update() {
    game.physics.arcade.collide(ball, paddle, ballHitPaddle);
    game.physics.arcade.collide(ball, bricks, ballHitBrick);
    paddle.x = game.input.x || game.world.width*0.5;
}

Then we can create the ballHitPaddle() function (having ball and paddle as default parameters), playing the wobble animation when it is called. Add the following function just before your closing </script> tag:

function ballHitPaddle(ball, paddle) {
    ball.animations.play('wobble');
}

The animation is played every time the ball hits the paddle. You can add the animations.play() call inside the ballHitBrick() function too, if you feel it would make the game look better.

Tweens

Whereas animations play external sprites sequentially, tweens smoothly animate properties of an object in the gameworld, such as width or opacity.

Let's add a tween to our game to make the bricks smoothly disappear when they are hit by the ball. Go to your ballhitBrick() function, find your brick.kill(); line, and replace it with the following:

var killTween = game.add.tween(brick.scale);
killTween.to({x:0,y:0}, 200, Phaser.Easing.Linear.None);
killTween.onComplete.addOnce(function(){
    brick.kill();
}, this);
killTween.start();

Let's walk through this so you can see what's happening here:

  1. When defining a new tween you have to specify which property will be tweened — in our case, instead of hiding the bricks instantly when hit by the ball, we will make their width and height scale to zero, so they will nicely disapear. To the end, we use the add.tween() method, specifying brick.scale as the argument as this is what we want to tween.
  2. The to() method defines the state of the object at the end of the tween. It takes an object  containing the chosen parameter's desired ending values (scale takes a scale value, 1 being 100% of size, 0 being 0% of size, etc.), the time of the tween in milliseconds and the type of easing to use for the tween.
  3. We will also add the optional onComplete event handler, which defines a function to be executed when the tween finishes.
  4. The last thing do to is to start the tween right away using start().

That's the expanded version of the tween definition, but we can also use the shorthand syntax:

game.add.tween(brick.scale).to({x:2,y:2}, 500, Phaser.Easing.Elastic.Out, true, 100);

This tween will double the brick's scale in half a second using Elastic easing, will start automatically, and have a delay of 100 miliseconds.

Compare your code

You can check the finished code for this lesson in the live demo below, and play with it to understand better how it works:

Next steps

Animations and tweens look very nice, but we can add even more to our game — in the next section we'll look at handling button inputs.

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: ekoontz, chrisdavidmills, end3r, Yuri-Predborskiy
 Last updated by: ekoontz,