<feColorMatrix>

The <feColorMatrix> SVG filter element changes colors based on a transformation matrix. Every pixel's color value  [R,G,B,A] is matrix multiplied by a 5 by 5 color matrix to create new color [R',G',B',A'].

The prime symbol ' is used in mathematics indicate the result of a transformation.

| R' |     | r1 r2 r3 r4 r5 |   | R |
| G' |     | g1 g2 g3 g4 g5 |   | G |
| B' |  =  | b1 b2 b3 b4 b5 | * | B |
| A' |     | a1 a2 a3 a4 a5 |   | A |
| 1  |     | 0  0  0  0  1 |   | 1 |

In simplified terms, below is how each color channel in the new pixel is calculated. The last row is ignored because its values are constant.

R' = r1*R + r2*G + r3*B + r4*A + r5
G' = g1*R + g2*G + g3*B + g4*A + g5
B' = b1*R + b2*G + b3*B + b4*A + b5
A' = a1*R + a2*G + a3*B + a4*A + a5

Take the amount of red in the new pixel, or R':

It is the sum of
r1 times the old pixel's red R,
r2 times the old pixel's green G,
r3 times of the old pixel's blue B,
r4 times the old pixel's alpha A,
plus a shift r5.

These specified amounts can be any real number, though the final R' will be clamped between 0 and 1. The same goes for G'B', and A'.

R'      =      r1 * R      +        r2 * G      +       r3 * B      +       r4 * A       +       r5
New red = [ r1 * old red ] + [ r2 * old green ] + [ r3 * old Blue ] + [ r4 * old Alpha ] + [ shift of r5 ]

If, say, we want to make a completely black image redder, we can make the r5 a positive real number x, boosting the redness on every pixel of the new image by x

An identity matrix looks like this:

     R G B A W
R' | 1 0 0 0 0 |
G' | 0 1 0 0 0 |
B' | 0 0 1 0 0 |
A' | 0 0 0 1 0 |

In it, every new value is exactly 1 times its old value, with nothing else added. It is recommended to start manipulating the matrix from here.

Usage context

CategoriesFilter primitive element
Permitted contentAny number of the following elements, in any order:
<animate>, <set>

Attributes

Global attributes

Specific attributes

DOM Interface

This element implements the SVGFEColorMatrixElement interface.

Example

SVG

<svg width="100%" height="100%" viewBox="0 0 150 500"
    preserveAspectRatio="xMidYMid meet"
    xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"
    xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink">

  <!-- ref -->
  <defs>
    <g id="circles">
      <circle cx="30" cy="30" r="20" fill="blue" fill-opacity="0.5" />
      <circle cx="20" cy="50" r="20" fill="green" fill-opacity="0.5" />
      <circle cx="40" cy="50" r="20" fill="red" fill-opacity="0.5" />
    </g>
  </defs>
  <use href="#circles" />
  <text x="70" y="50">Reference</text>

  <!-- identity matrix -->
  <filter id="colorMeTheSame">
    <feColorMatrix in="SourceGraphic"
        type="matrix"
        values="1 0 0 0 0
                0 1 0 0 0
                0 0 1 0 0
                0 0 0 1 0" />
   </filter> 
  <use href="#circles" transform="translate(0 70)" filter="url(#colorMeTheSame)" />
  <text x="70" y="120">Identity matrix</text>

  <!-- Combine RGB into green matrix -->
  <filter id="colorMeGreen">
    <feColorMatrix in="SourceGraphic"
        type="matrix"
        values="0 0 0 0 0
                1 1 1 1 0
                0 0 0 0 0
                0 0 0 1 0" />
  </filter>
  <use href="#circles" transform="translate(0 140)" filter="url(#colorMeGreen)" />
  <text x="70" y="190">rgbToGreen</text>

  <!-- saturate -->
  <filter id="colorMeSaturate">
    <feColorMatrix in="SourceGraphic"
        type="saturate"
        values="0.2" />
  </filter>
  <use href="#circles" transform="translate(0 210)" filter="url(#colorMeSaturate)" />
  <text x="70" y="260">saturate</text>

  <!-- hueRotate -->
  <filter id="colorMeHueRotate">
    <feColorMatrix in="SourceGraphic"
        type="hueRotate"
        values="180" />
  </filter>
  <use href="#circles" transform="translate(0 280)" filter="url(#colorMeHueRotate)" />
  <text x="70" y="330">hueRotate</text>

  <!-- luminanceToAlpha -->
  <filter id="colorMeLTA">
    <feColorMatrix in="SourceGraphic"
        type="luminanceToAlpha" />
  </filter>
  <use href="#circles" transform="translate(0 350)" filter="url(#colorMeLTA)" />
  <text x="70" y="400">luminanceToAlpha</text>
</svg>

Result

ScreenshotLive sample

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Filter Effects Module Level 1
The definition of '<feColorMatrix>' in that specification.
Working Draft No change
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) 1.1 (Second Edition)
The definition of '<feColorMatrix>' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
feColorMatrixChrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari ? WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
inChrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari ? WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
typeChrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari ? WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
valuesChrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari ? WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown

See also