TypeError() constructor

The TypeError() constructor creates a new error when an operation could not be performed, typically (but not exclusively) when a value is not of the expected type.

Syntax

new TypeError()
new TypeError(message)
new TypeError(message, fileName)
new TypeError(message, fileName, lineNumber)

Parameters

message Optional

Human-readable description of the error

options Optional

An object that has the following properties:

cause Optional

A property indicating the specific cause of the error. When catching and re-throwing an error with a more-specific or useful error message, this property should be used to pass the original error.

fileName Optional Non-Standard

The name of the file containing the code that caused the exception

lineNumber Optional Non-Standard

The line number of the code that caused the exception

Examples

Catching a TypeError

try {
  null.f()
} catch (e) {
  console.log(e instanceof TypeError)  // true
  console.log(e.message)               // "null has no properties"
  console.log(e.name)                  // "TypeError"
  console.log(e.fileName)              // "Scratchpad/1"
  console.log(e.lineNumber)            // 2
  console.log(e.columnNumber)          // 2
  console.log(e.stack)                 // "@Scratchpad/2:2:3\n"
}

Creating a TypeError

try {
  throw new TypeError('Hello', "someFile.js", 10)
} catch (e) {
  console.log(e instanceof TypeError)  // true
  console.log(e.message)               // "Hello"
  console.log(e.name)                  // "TypeError"
  console.log(e.fileName)              // "someFile.js"
  console.log(e.lineNumber)            // 10
  console.log(e.columnNumber)          // 0
  console.log(e.stack)                 // "@Scratchpad/2:2:9\n"
}

Specifications

Specification
ECMAScript Language Specification
# sec-nativeerror-constructors

Browser compatibility

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See also