Experimental: This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

Secure context: This feature is available only in secure contexts (HTTPS), in some or all supporting browsers.

The Sec-CH-Prefers-Reduced-Transparency user agent client hint request header indicates the user agent's preference for reduced transparency.

If a server signals to a client via the Accept-CH header that it accepts Sec-CH-Prefers-Reduced-Transparency, the client can then respond with this header to indicate the user's preference for reduced transparency. The server can send the client appropriately adapted content — for example, CSS or images — to reduce the transparency of the content.

This header is modeled on the prefers-reduced-transparency media query.

Header type Request header, Client hint
Forbidden header name yes


Sec-CH-Prefers-Reduced-Transparency: <preference>



The user agent's preference for reduced transparency. This is often taken from the underlying operating system's setting. The value of this directive can be either no-preference or reduce.


The client makes an initial request to the server:

GET / HTTP/1.1

The server responds, telling the client via Accept-CH that it accepts Sec-CH-Prefers-Reduced-Transparency. In this example Critical-CH is also used, indicating that Sec-CH-Prefers-Reduced-Transparency is considered a critical client hint.

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Type: text/html
Accept-CH: Sec-CH-Prefers-Reduced-Transparency
Vary: Sec-CH-Prefers-Reduced-Transparency
Critical-CH: Sec-CH-Prefers-Reduced-Transparency

Note: We've also specified Sec-CH-Prefers-Reduced-Transparency in the Vary header, to indicate to the browser that the served content will differ based on this header value — even if the URL stays the same — so the browser shouldn't just use an existing cached response and instead should cache this response separately. Each header listed in the Critical-CH header should also be present in the Accept-CH and Vary headers.

The client automatically retries the request (due to Critical-CH being specified above), telling the server via Sec-CH-Prefers-Reduced-Transparency that it has a user preference for reduced transparency:

GET / HTTP/1.1
Sec-CH-Prefers-Reduced-Transparency: "reduce"

The client will include the header in subsequent requests in the current session unless the Accept-CH changes in responses to indicate that it is no longer supported by the server.


User Preference Media Features Client Hints Headers
# sec-ch-prefers-reduced-transparency

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also