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The Notification() constructor creates a new Notification object instance, which represents a user notification.

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.

Syntax

var myNotification = new Notification(title, options);

Parameters

title
Defines a title for the notification, which will be shown at the top of the notification window when it is fired.
options Optional
An options object containing any custom settings that you want to apply to the notification. The possible options are:
  • dir: The direction in which to display the notification. It defaults to auto, which just adopts the browser's language setting behavior, but you can override that behaviour by setting values of ltr and rtl (although most browsers seem to ignore these settings.)
  • lang: The notification's language, as specified using a DOMString representing a BCP 47 language tag. See the Sitepoint ISO 2 letter language codes page for a simple reference.
  • badge: A USVString containing the URL of the image used to represent the notification when there is not enough space to display the notification itself.
  • body: A DOMString representing the body text of the notification, which will be displayed below the title.
  • tag: A DOMString representing an identifying tag for the notification.
  • icon: A USVString containing the URL of an icon to be displayed in the notification.
  • image: a USVString containing the URL of an image to be displayed in the notification.
  • data: Arbitrary data that you want associated with the notification. This can be of any data type.
  • vibrate: A vibration pattern for the device's vibration hardware to emit when the notification fires.
  • renotify: A Boolean specifying whether the user should be notified after a new notification replaces an old one. The default is false, which means they won't be notified.
  • requireInteraction: Indicates that a notification should remain active until the user clicks or dismisses it, rather than closing automatically. The default value is false.
  • actions: An array of NotificationActions representing the actions available to the user when the notification is presented. These are options the user can choose among in order to act on the action within the context of the notification itself. The action's name is sent to the service worker notification handler to let it know the action was selected by the user.

The following options are listed in the most up-to-date spec, but are not supported in any browsers yet. It is advisable to keep checking back regularly to see if the status of these has updated, and let us know if you find any out of date information.

  • silent: A Boolean specifying whether the notification should be silent, i.e. no sounds or vibrations should be issued, regardless of the device settings. The default is false, which means it won't be silent.
  • sound: A USVString containing the URL of an audio file to be played when the notification fires.
  • noscreen: A Boolean specifying whether the notification firing should enable the device's screen or not. The default is false, which means it will enable the screen.
  • sticky: A Boolean specifying whether the notification should be 'sticky', i.e. not easily clearable by the user. The default is false, which means it won't be sticky. 

Example

In our Emogotchi demo (see source code), we run a simple spawnNotification() function when we want to fire a notification — this is passed arguments to specify the body, icon and title we want, then it creates the necessary options object and fires the notification using the Notification() constructor.

function spawnNotification(theBody,theIcon,theTitle) {
  var options = {
      body: theBody,
      icon: theIcon
  }
  var n = new Notification(theTitle,options);
}

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Notifications API
The definition of 'Notification()' in that specification.
Living Standard Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 5 webkit (see notes)
22
4.0 moz (see notes)
22
No support 25 6 (see notes)
Available in workers ? 41.0 (41.0) ? ? ?
icon option 5 webkit (see notes)
22
4.0 moz (see notes)
22
No support 25 No support
vibrate 45.0 No support No support No support No support
requireInteraction 47.0     32  
renotify 50.0        
badge 53.0     39.0  
image 55.0     ?  
Feature Android Android Webview Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support ?

(Yes)

4.0 moz (see notes)
22
1.0.1 moz (see notes)
1.2
No support ? No support

(Yes)

Available in workers ? ? 41.0 (41.0) ? ? ? ? ?
icon option ? (Yes) 4.0 moz (see notes)
22
1.0.1 moz (see notes)
1.2
No support ? No support (Yes)
vibrate No support 45.0 No support No support No support 32 No support 45.0
requireInteraction No support No support           No support
renotify No support No support           50.0
badge No support 53.0       39.0   53.0
image No support No support       ?   55.0

Firefox OS notes

Chrome notes

Starting in Chrome 49, notifications do not work in incognito mode.

Safari notes

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: ShakedAmar, Sheppy, glenwatson, chrisdavidmills, jpmedley
 Last updated by: ShakedAmar,