The close() method of the Notification interface is used to close a previously displayed notification.

Syntax

Notification.close();

Parameters

None.

Returns

Void.

Examples

In the following snippet, found in our Emogotchi demo (view it running live), we have a simple function that when called creates an options object and then a new notification. At the end of the function, it also calls close() inside a setTimeout() function to close the notification after 4 seconds (some browsers close spawned notifications automatically, and some such as Chrome and Opera do not.) Also note the use of bind() to make sure the close() call is associated with the notification.

function spawnNotification(theBody,theIcon,theTitle) {
  var options = {
      body: theBody,
      icon: theIcon
  }

  var n = new Notification(theTitle,options);
  setTimeout(n.close.bind(n), 4000);
}

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Notifications API Living Standard Living standard

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 5webkit[1]
22
(Yes) 4.0 (2.0)moz[2]
22.0 (22.0)
No support 25 6[3]
Feature Android Android Webview Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support ?

(Yes)

(Yes) 4.0 (4.0)moz[2]
22.0 (22.0)
1.0.1moz[2]
1.2
No support ? No support

(Yes)

[1] Before Chrome 22, the support for notification followed an old prefixed version of the specification and used the navigator.webkitNotifications object to instantiate a new notification.

Before Chrome 32, Notification.permission was not supported.

Before Chrome 42, service worker additions were not supported.

[2] Prior to Firefox 22 (Firefox OS <1.2), the instantiation of a new notification must be done with the navigator.mozNotification object through its createNotification method.

Prior to Firefox 22 (Firefox OS <1.2), the Notification was displayed when calling the show method and supported only the click and close events.

Nick Desaulniers wrote a Notification shim to cover both newer and older implementations.

One particular Firefox OS issue is that you can pass a path to an icon to use in the notification, but if the app is packaged you cannot use a relative path like /my_icon.png. You also can't use window.location.origin + "/my_icon.png" because window.location.origin is null in packaged apps. The manifest origin field fixes this, but it is only available in Firefox OS 1.1+. A potential solution for supporting Firefox OS <1.1 is to pass an absolute URL to an externally hosted version of the icon. This is less than ideal as the notification is displayed immediately without the icon, then the icon is fetched, but it works on all versions of Firefox OS.

When using notifications  in a Firefox OS app, be sure to add the desktop-notification permission in your manifest file. Notifications can be used at any permission level, hosted or above: "permissions": { "desktop-notification": {} }

[3] Safari started to support notification with Safari 6, but only on Mac OSX 10.8+ (Mountain Lion).

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: abbycar,