The ServiceWorkerGlobalScope interface of the Service Worker API represents the global execution context of a service worker.

Developers should keep in mind that the ServiceWorker state is not persisted across the termination/restart cycle, so each event handler should assume it's being invoked with a bare, default global state.

Once successfully registered, a service worker can and will be terminated when idle to conserve memory and processor power. An active service worker is automatically restarted to respond to events, such as fetch or message.

Additionally, synchronous requests are not allowed from within a service worker — only asynchronous requests, like those initiated via the fetch() method, can be used.

This interface inherits from the WorkerGlobalScope interface, and its parent EventTarget.

EventTarget WorkerGlobalScope ServiceWorkerGlobalScope

Instance properties

caches Read only

Contains the CacheStorage object associated with the service worker.

ServiceWorkerGlobalScope.clients Read only

Contains the Clients object associated with the service worker.

ServiceWorkerGlobalScope.registration Read only

Contains the ServiceWorkerRegistration object that represents the service worker's registration.



Occurs when a ServiceWorkerRegistration acquires a new worker.

canmakepayment Experimental

Fired on a payment app's service worker to check whether it is ready to handle a payment. Specifically, it is fired when the merchant website calls new PaymentRequest().

contentdelete Experimental

Occurs when an item is removed from the Content Index.


Occurs when a fetch() is called.


Occurs when a ServiceWorkerRegistration acquires a new ServiceWorkerRegistration.installing worker.


Occurs when incoming messages are received. Controlled pages can use the MessagePort.postMessage() method to send messages to service workers. The service worker can optionally send a response back via the MessagePort exposed in, corresponding to the controlled page.


Occurs when a user clicks on a displayed notification.


Occurs when a user closes a displayed notification.

paymentrequest Experimental

Fired on a payment app when a payment flow has been initiated on the merchant website via the method.


Triggered when a call to SyncManager.register is made from a service worker client page. The attempt to sync is made either immediately if the network is available or as soon as the network becomes available.

periodicsync Experimental

Occurs at periodic intervals, which were specified when registering a PeriodicSyncManager.


Occurs when a server push notification is received.


Occurs when a push subscription has been invalidated, or is about to be invalidated (e.g. when a push service sets an expiration time).

Instance methods


Allows the current service worker registration to progress from waiting to active state while service worker clients are using it.

ServiceWorkerGlobalScope implements WorkerGlobalScope. Therefore it also has the following property available to it:


Starts the process of fetching a resource. This returns a promise that resolves to the Response object representing the response to your request. This algorithm is the entry point for the fetch handling handed to the service worker context.


This code snippet is from the service worker prefetch sample (see prefetch example live.) The onfetch event handler listens for the fetch event. When fired, the code returns a promise that resolves to the first matching request in the Cache object. If no match is found, the code fetches a response from the network.

The code also handles exceptions thrown from the fetch() operation. Note that an HTTP error response (e.g., 404) will not trigger an exception. It will return a normal response object that has the appropriate error code set.

self.addEventListener("fetch", (event) => {
  console.log("Handling fetch event for", event.request.url);

    caches.match(event.request).then((response) => {
      if (response) {
        console.log("Found response in cache:", response);

        return response;
      console.log("No response found in cache. About to fetch from network…");

      return fetch(event.request).then(
        (response) => {
          console.log("Response from network is:", response);

          return response;
        (error) => {
          console.error("Fetching failed:", error);

          throw error;


Service Workers
# serviceworkerglobalscope-interface

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also