Vary HTTP response header determines how to match future request headers to decide whether a cached response can be used rather than requesting a fresh one from the origin server. It is used by the server to indicate which headers it used when selecting a representation of a resource in a content negotiation algorithm.
|Header type||Response header|
|Forbidden header name||no|
Vary: * Vary: <header-name>, <header-name>, ...
- Each request for a URL is supposed to be treated as a unique and uncacheable request. A better way to indicate this is to use
: private, which is clearer to read and also signals that the object shouldn't be stored ever.
- A comma-separated list of header names to take into account when deciding whether or not a cached response can be used.
When using the
Vary: User-Agent header, caching servers should consider the user agent when deciding whether to serve the page from cache. For example, if you are serving different content to mobile users, it can help you to avoid that a cache may mistakenly serve a desktop version of your site to your mobile users. It can help Google and other search engines to discover the mobile version of a page, and might also tell them that no Cloaking is intended.
|RFC 7231, section 7.1.4: Vary||Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Semantics and Content|
The compatibility table in this page is generated from structured data. If you'd like to contribute to the data, please check out https://github.com/mdn/browser-compat-data and send us a pull request.
|Chrome||Edge||Firefox||Internet Explorer||Opera||Safari||Android webview||Chrome for Android||Edge Mobile||Firefox for Android||Opera for Android||iOS Safari||Samsung Internet|
|Basic support||Chrome Full support Yes||Edge Full support Yes||Firefox Full support Yes||IE Full support Yes||Opera Full support Yes||Safari Full support Yes||WebView Android Full support Yes||Chrome Android Full support Yes||Edge Mobile Full support Yes||Firefox Android Full support Yes||Opera Android Full support Yes||Safari iOS Full support Yes||Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes|
- Full support
- Full support