이 문서는 아직 자원 봉사자들이 한국어로 번역하지 않았습니다. 참여해서 번역을 마치도록 도와 주세요!
English (US)의 문서도 읽어보세요.

The Vary HTTP response header determines how to match future request headers to decide whether a cached response can be used rather than requesting a fresh one from the origin server. It is used by the server to indicate which headers it used when selecting a representation of a resource in a content negotiation algorithm.

The Vary header should be set on a 304 Not Modified response exactly like it would have been set on an equivalent 200 OK response.

Header type Response header
Forbidden header name no

Syntax

Vary: *
Vary: <header-name>, <header-name>, ...

Directives

*
Each request for a URL is supposed to be treated as a unique and uncacheable request. A better way to indicate this is to use Cache-Control: private, which is clearer to read and also signals that the object shouldn't be stored ever.
<header-name>
A comma-separated list of header names to take into account when deciding whether or not a cached response can be used.

Examples

Dynamic serving

When using the Vary: User-Agent header, caching servers should consider the user agent when deciding whether to serve the page from cache. For example, if you are serving different content to mobile users, it can help you to avoid that a cache may mistakenly serve a desktop version of your site to your mobile users. It can help Google and other search engines to discover the mobile version of a page, and might also tell them that no Cloaking is intended.

Vary: User-Agent

Specifications

Specification Title
RFC 7231, section 7.1.4: Vary Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Semantics and Content

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support

Compatibility notes

See also

문서 태그 및 공헌자

이 페이지의 공헌자: fscholz, teoli
최종 변경자: fscholz,