ARIA: form role
form role can be used to identify a group of elements on a page that provide equivalent functionality to an HTML form.
<div role="form" id="contact-info" aria-label="Contact information"> <!-- form content --> </div>
This is a form that collects and saves a user's contact information.
Warning: Use an HTML
<form> element to contain your form controls, rather than the ARIA
form role, unless you have a very good reason.
<form> element is sufficient to tell assistive technologies that there is a form.
form landmark identifies a region of content that contains a collection of items and objects that, as a whole, combine to create a form when no other named landmark is appropriate (e.g.
Note: Using the
<form> element will automatically communicate a section of content as a
form landmark, if it is provided an accessible name. Developers should always prefer using the correct semantic HTML element over using ARIA.
Use the HTML
<form> element if possible. The
<form> element defines a
form landmark when it has an accessible name (e.g.
title). Make sure to have a unique label on each form in a document to help users understand the purpose of the form. This label should be visible to all users, not just assistive technology users. Use the
search landmark instead of the
form landmark when the form is used for search functionality.
role="form" to identify a region of the page; do not use it to identify every form field. Even if you are using the form landmark instead of
<form>, you are encouraged to use native HTML form controls like
No role specific states or properties.
No role specific keyboard interactions
The onSubmit event handler handles the event raised when the form is submitted. Anything that is not a
<div role="form" id="send-comment" aria-label="Add a comment"> <label for="username">Username</label> <input id="username" name="username" autocomplete="nickname" autocorrect="off" type="text"> <label for="email">Email</label> <input id="email" name="email" autocomplete="email" autocapitalize="off" autocorrect="off" spellcheck="false" type="text"> <label for="comment">Comment</label> <textarea id="comment" name="comment"></textarea> <input value="Comment" type="submit"> </div>
It is recommended to use
<form id="send-comment" aria-label="Add a comment"> .... </form>
Landmark roles are intended to identify larger overall sections of the document. Using too many landmark roles can create "noise" in screen readers, making it difficult to understand the overall layout of the page.
If a form is used to search, you should use the more specialized
<form> element and form
role that needs to be exposed as a landmark must be given an accessible name. This name will allow an assistive technology user to be able to quickly understand the purpose of the form landmark.
title on the same element that was given the
role="form" to provide it an accessible name.
<div role="form" id="gift-cards" aria-label="Purchase a gift card"> <!-- form content --> </div>
Screen readers will announce the type of role the landmark is. Because of this, you do not need to describe what the landmark is in its label. For example, a declaration of
role="form" with an of
aria-label="Contact form" may be announced redundantly as, "contact form form".
<form> element will automatically communicate a section has a role of
form. If at all possible, prefer using it instead.
|Accessible Rich Internet Applications (WAI-ARIA) |
|ARIA Authoring Practices |
- form (role): Accessible Rich Internet Applications (WAI-ARIA) 1.1