Screen.availHeight

The read-only Screen interface's availHeight property returns the height, in CSS pixels, of the space available for Web content on the screen. Since Screen is exposed on the Window interface's window.screen property, you access availHeight using window.screen.availHeight.

You can similarly use Screen.availWidth to get the number of pixels which are horizontally available to the browser for its use.

Syntax

let availHeight = window.screen.availHeight;

Value

A numeric value indicating the number of CSS pixels tall the screen's available space is. This can be no larger than the value of window.screen.height, and will be less if the device or user agent reserves any vertical space for itself.

For instance, on a Mac whose Dock is located at the bottom of screen (which is the default), the value of availHeight is approximately the value of height (the total height of the screen in CSS pixels) minus the heights of the Dock and menu bar, as seen in the diagram below.

Diagram showing how Screen.availHeight relates to Screen.height and the screen's contents

Example

If your web application needs to open a new window, such as a tool palette which can contain multiple panels, and wants to position it so that it occupies the entire vertical space available, you can do so using code similar to what's seen here.

In the main window, when it's time to open the panels, code like the following is used.

let paletteWindow = window.open("panels.html", "Panels", "left=0, top=0, width=200");

The Panels window's HTML, in panels.html, has JavaScript code of its own, which is executed as soon as the window is created. It doesn't even need to wait for any particular event (or any event at all). That code handles resizing the window based on the available space:

window.outerHeight = window.screen.availHeight;

The result is something similar to the below. Note the Panels window filling all available vertical space at the left of the screen.

Screenshot of the example for Screen.availHeight

On a Windows system, this would function similarly, by opening the window and sizing it vertically so it uses all available vertical space, leaving room for the taskbar and any other interface elements that reserve space.

Specifications

Specification
CSSOM View Module (CSSOM View)
# dom-screen-availheight

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also