An object implementing the CSSRule DOM interface represents a single CSS at-rule. References to a CSSRule-implementing object may be obtained by looking at a CSS style sheet's cssRules list.

There are several kinds of rules. The CSSRule interface specifies the properties common to all rules, while properties unique to specific rule types are specified in the more specialized interfaces for those rules' respective types.

Syntax

The syntax is described using the WebIDL format.

interface CSSRule {
    const unsigned short STYLE_RULE = 1;
    const unsigned short CHARSET_RULE = 2; // Obsolete
    const unsigned short IMPORT_RULE = 3;
    const unsigned short MEDIA_RULE = 4;
    const unsigned short FONT_FACE_RULE = 5;
    const unsigned short PAGE_RULE = 6;
    const unsigned short KEYFRAMES_RULE = 7;
    const unsigned short KEYFRAME_RULE = 8;
    const unsigned short NAMESPACE_RULE = 10;
    const unsigned short COUNTER_STYLE_RULE = 11;
    const unsigned short SUPPORTS_RULE = 12;
    const unsigned short DOCUMENT_RULE = 13;
    const unsigned short FONT_FEATURE_VALUES_RULE = 14;
    const unsigned short VIEWPORT_RULE = 15;
    const unsigned short REGION_STYLE_RULE = 16;
    readonly attribute unsigned short type;
    attribute DOMString cssText;
    readonly attribute CSSRule? parentRule;
    readonly attribute CSSStyleSheet? parentStyleSheet;
};

Properties common to all CSSRule instances

CSSRule.cssText
Represents the textual representation of the rule, e.g. "h1,h2 { font-size: 16pt }"
CSSRule.parentRule Read only
Returns the containing rule, otherwise null. E.g. if this rule is a style rule inside an @media block, the parent rule would be that CSSMediaRule.
CSSRule.parentStyleSheet Read only
Returns the CSSStyleSheet object for the style sheet that contains this rule
CSSRule.type Read only
One of the Type constants indicating the type of CSS rule.

Constants

Type constants

The CSSRule interface specifies integer constants that can be used in conjunction with a CSSRule's type property to discern the rule type (and therefore, which specialized interface it implements). The relationships between these constants and the interfaces are:

Type Value Rule-specific interface
CSSRule.STYLE_RULE 1 CSSStyleRule
CSSRule.MEDIA_RULE 4 CSSMediaRule
CSSRule.FONT_FACE_RULE 5 CSSFontFaceRule
CSSRule.PAGE_RULE 6 CSSPageRule
CSSRule.IMPORT_RULE 3 CSSImportRule : IDL: nsIDOMCSSImportRule
CSSRule.CHARSET_RULE 2 CSSCharsetRule [Removed in most browsers]
CSSRule.UNKNOWN_RULE 0 CSSUnknownRule
CSSRule.KEYFRAMES_RULE 7 CSSKeyframesRule [1]
CSSRule.KEYFRAME_RULE 8 CSSKeyframeRule [1]
Reserved for future use 9 Should be used to define color profiles in the future
CSSRule.NAMESPACE_RULE 10 CSSNamespaceRule
CSSRule.COUNTER_STYLE_RULE 11 CSSCounterStyleRule
CSSRule.SUPPORTS_RULE 12 CSSSupportsRule
CSSRule.DOCUMENT_RULE 13 CSSDocumentRule
CSSRule.FONT_FEATURE_VALUES_RULE 14 CSSFontFeatureValuesRule
CSSRule.VIEWPORT_RULE 15 CSSViewportRule
CSSRule.REGION_STYLE_RULE 16 CSSRegionStyleRule

An up-to-date informal list of constants can be found on the CSSWG Wiki.

[1] On Gecko, before Firefox 19, the keyframe-related constants existed only in their prefixed version: CSSRule.MOZ_KEYFRAMES_RULE and CSSRule.MOZ_KEYFRAME_RULE. From Firefox 20 onwards, both versions are available. The prefixed version will be removed in the future.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Object Model (CSSOM)
The definition of 'CSSRule' in that specification.
Working Draft Obsoleted values CHARSET_RULE and UNKNOWN_RULE. Added value NAMESPACE_RULE.
CSS Animations
The definition of 'CSSRule' in that specification.
Working Draft Added values KEYFRAMES_RULE and KEYFRAME_RULE.
CSS Fonts Module Level 3
The definition of 'CSSRule' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Added value FONT_FEATURE_VALUES_RULE.
CSS Counter Styles Level 3
The definition of 'CSSRule' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Added value COUNTER_STYLE_RULE.
CSS Conditional Rules Module Level 3
The definition of 'CSSRule' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Added value SUPPORTS_RULE. (DOCUMENT_RULE has been pushed to CSS Conditional Rules Level 4)
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 Style Specification
The definition of 'CSSRule' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) 9 (Yes) (Yes)
CSSCharsetRule Not supported [1] Not supported [3] ? Not supported ?
CSSUnknownRule Not supported [2] ? ? ? ?
Feature Android Android Webview Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support ? (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
CSSCharsetRule ? Not supported [1] Not supported [3] ? Not supported ? Not supported [1]
CSSUnknownRule ? Not supported [2] ? ? ? ? Not supported [2]

[1] Removed in Chrome version 41.0.

[2] Removed in Chrome version 45.0.

[3] Removed in Gecko version 40.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: fscholz,