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The upper read-only property of the IDBKeyRange interface returns the upper bound of the key range.

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.


var upper = myKeyRange.upper


The upper bound of the key range (can be any type.)


The following example illustrates how you'd use a key range. Here we declare keyRangeValue = IDBKeyRange.upperBound("F", "W", true, true); — a range that includes everything between "F" and "W" but not including them — since both the upper and lower bounds have been declared as open (true). We open a transaction (using IDBTransaction) and an object store, and open a Cursor with IDBObjectStore.openCursor, declaring keyRangeValue as its optional key range value.

After declaring the key range, we log its upper property value to the console, which should appear as "W".

Note: For a more complete example allowing you to experiment with key range, have a look at our IDBKeyRange-example repo (view the example live too.)

function displayData() {
  var keyRangeValue = IDBKeyRange.bound("F", "W", true, true);

  var transaction = db.transaction(['fThings'], 'readonly');
  var objectStore = transaction.objectStore('fThings');

  objectStore.openCursor(keyRangeValue).onsuccess = function(event) {
    var cursor =;
      if(cursor) {
        var listItem = document.createElement('li');
        listItem.innerHTML = '<strong>' + cursor.value.fThing + '</strong>, ' + cursor.value.fRating;
      } else {
        console.log('Entries all displayed.');


Specification Status Comment
Indexed Database API
The definition of 'upper' in that specification.
Indexed Database API 2.0
The definition of 'upper' in that specification.
Editor's Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 23webkit
24 (unprefixed)
(Yes) 10 moz
16.0 (16.0)
10, partial 15 7.1
Available in workers (Yes) (Yes) 37.0 (37.0) ? (Yes) ?
Indexed Database 2.0 58 ? ? ? 45 ?
Feature Android Webview Chrome for Android Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) 22.0 (22.0) 1.0.1 10 22 8
Available in workers (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) 37.0 (37.0) (Yes) ? (Yes) ?
Indexed Database 2.0 58 58 ? ? ? ? 45 ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: jpmedley, arronei, libbymc, chrisdavidmills, fscholz
 Last updated by: jpmedley,