IDBCursor.update()

The update() method of the IDBCursor interface returns an IDBRequest object, and, in a separate thread, updates the value at the current position of the cursor in the object store. If the cursor points to a record that has just been deleted, a new record is created.

Be aware that you can't call update() (or IDBCursor.delete()) on cursors obtained from IDBIndex.openKeyCursor(). For such needs, you have to use IDBIndex.openCursor() instead.

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.

Syntax

var anIDBRequest = myIDBCursor.update(value);

Parameters

value
The new value to be stored at the current position.

Return value

An IDBRequest object on which subsequent events related to this operation are fired.

Exceptions

This method may raise a DOMException of one of the following types:

Exception Description
TransactionInactiveError This IDBCursor's transaction is inactive.
ReadOnlyError The transaction mode is read only.
InvalidStateError The cursor was created using IDBIndex.openKeyCursor, is currently being iterated, or has iterated past its end.
DataError

The underlying object store uses in-line keys and the property in the value at the object store's key path does not match the key in this cursor's position.

DataCloneError The data being stored could not be cloned by the internal structured cloning algorithm.
 

Example

In this simple fragment we create a transaction, retrieve an object store, then use a cursor to iterate through all the records in the object store. If the albumTitle of the current cursor is "A farewell to kings", we update year the album was released using  var request = cursor.update();.

Note that you cannot change primary keys using cursor.update(), hence us not changing the album title; this would ruin the integrity of the data. In such a situation, you would have to delete the record altogether and then add a new one using IDBObjectStore.add. Note also that you can't directly put cursor.value into an update call,  hence the below example using an intermediary updateData variable.

The cursor does not require us to select the data based on a key; we can just grab all of it. Also note that in each iteration of the loop, you can grab data from the current record under the cursor object using cursor.value.foo. For a complete working example, see our IDBCursor example (view example live.)

function updateResult() {
  list.innerHTML = '';
  const transaction = db.transaction(['rushAlbumList'], 'readwrite');
  const objectStore = transaction.objectStore('rushAlbumList');

  objectStore.openCursor().onsuccess = function(event) {
    const cursor = event.target.result;
    if (cursor) {
      if (cursor.value.albumTitle === 'A farewell to kings') {
        const updateData = cursor.value;
          
        updateData.year = 2050;
        const request = cursor.update(updateData);
        request.onsuccess = function() {
          console.log('A better album year?');
        };
      };

      const listItem = document.createElement('li');
      listItem.innerHTML = '<strong>' + cursor.value.albumTitle + '</strong>, ' + cursor.value.year;
      list.appendChild(listItem);   
      cursor.continue();        
    } else {
      console.log('Entries displayed.');         
    }
  };
};

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Indexed Database API
The definition of 'update()' in that specification.
Recommendation  
Indexed Database API 2.0
The definition of 'update()' in that specification.
Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
No support 23 — 24
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
No support 10 — 16
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: moz
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes partial
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 22Opera Android Full support 22Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: vitaly-zdanevich,