Date.prototype.toLocaleTimeString Redirect 1

Summary

The toLocaleTimeString() method returns a string with a language sensitive representation of the time portion of this date. The new locales and options arguments let applications specify the language whose formatting conventions should be used and customize the behavior of the function. In older implementations, which ignore the locales and options arguments, the locale used and the form of the string returned are entirely implementation dependent.

Syntax

dateObj.toLocaleTimeString([locales [, options]])

Parameters

Check the Browser compatibility section to see which browsers support the locales and options arguments, and the Example: Checking for support for locales and options arguments for feature detection.

locales

A string with a BCP 47 language tag, or an array of such strings. For the general form and interpretation of the locales argument, see the Intl page. The following Unicode extension keys are allowed:

nu
Numbering system. Possible values include: "arab", "arabext", "bali", "beng", "deva", "fullwide", "gujr", "guru", "hanidec", "khmr", "knda", "laoo", "latn", "limb", "mlym", "mong", "mymr", "orya", "tamldec", "telu", "thai", "tibt".
ca
Calendar. Possible values include: "buddhist", "chinese", "coptic", "ethioaa", "ethiopic", "gregory", "hebrew", "indian", "islamic", "islamicc", "iso8601", "japanese", "persian", "roc".
options

An object with some or all of the following properties:

localeMatcher
The locale matching algorithm to use. Possible values are "lookup" and "best fit"; the default is "best fit". For information about this option, see the Intl page.
timeZone
The time zone to use. The only value implementations must recognize is "UTC"; the default is the runtime's default time zone. Implementations may also recognize the time zone names of the IANA time zone database, such as "Asia/Shanghai", "Asia/Kolkata", "America/New_York".
hour12
Whether to use 12-hour time (as opposed to 24-hour time). Possible values are true and false; the default is locale dependent.
formatMatcher
The format matching algorithm to use. Possible values are "basic" and "best fit"; the default is "best fit". See the following paragraphs for information about the use of this property.

The following properties describe the date-time components to use in formatted output, and their desired representations.  Implementations are required to support at least the following subsets:

  • weekday, year, month, day, hour, minute, second
  • weekday, year, month, day
  • year, month, day
  • year, month
  • month, day
  • hour, minute, second
  • hour, minute

Implementations may support other subsets, and requests will be negotiated against all available subset-representation combinations to find the best match. Two algorithms are available for this negotiation and selected by the formatMatcher property: A fully specified "basic" algorithm and an implementation dependent "best fit" algorithm.

weekday
The representation of the weekday. Possible values are "narrow", "short", "long".
era
The representation of the era. Possible values are "narrow", "short", "long".
year
The representation of the year. Possible values are "numeric", "2-digit".
month
The representation of the month. Possible values are "numeric", "2-digit", "narrow", "short", "long".
day
The representation of the day. Possible values are "numeric", "2-digit".
hour
The representation of the hour. Possible values are "numeric", "2-digit".
minute
The representation of the minute. Possible values are "numeric", "2-digit".
second
The representation of the second. Possible values are "numeric", "2-digit".
timeZoneName
The representation of the time zone name. Possible values are "short", "long".

The default value for each date-time component property is undefined, but if the hour, minute, second properties are all undefined, then hour, minute, and second are assumed to be "numeric".

Examples

Example: Using toLocaleTimeString

In basic use without specifying a locale, a formatted string in the default locale and with default options is returned.

var date = new Date(Date.UTC(2012, 11, 12, 3, 0, 0));

// toLocaleTimeString without arguments depends on the implementation,
// the default locale, and the default time zone
alert(date.toLocaleTimeString());
// → "7:00:00 PM" if run in en-US locale with time zone America/Los_Angeles

Example: Checking for support for locales and options arguments

The locales and options arguments are not supported in all browsers yet. To check whether an implementation supports them already, you can use the requirement that illegal language tags are rejected with a RangeError exception:

function toLocaleTimeStringSupportsLocales() {
    try {
        new Date().toLocaleTimeString("i");
    } catch (e) {
        return e​.name === "RangeError";
    }
    return false;
}

Example: Using locales

This example shows some of the variations in localized time formats. In order to get the format of the language used in the user interface of your application, make sure to specify that language (and possibly some fallback languages) using the locales argument:

var date = new Date(Date.UTC(2012, 11, 20, 3, 0, 0));

// formats below assume the local time zone of the locale;
// America/Los_Angeles for the US

// US English uses 12-hour time with AM/PM
alert(date.toLocaleTimeString("en-US"));
// → "7:00:00 PM"

// British English uses 24-hour time without AM/PM
alert(date.toLocaleTimeString("en-GB"));
// → "03:00:00"

// Korean uses 12-hour time with AM/PM
alert(date.toLocaleTimeString("ko-KR"));
// → "오후 12:00:00"

// Arabic in most Arabic speaking countries uses real Arabic digits
alert(date.toLocaleTimeString("ar-EG"));
// → "٧:٠٠:٠٠ م"

// when requesting a language that may not be supported, such as
// Balinese, include a fallback language, in this case Indonesian
alert(date.toLocaleTimeString(["ban", "id"]));
// → "11.00.00"

Example: Using options

The results provided by toLocaleTimeString can be customized using the options argument:

var date = new Date(Date.UTC(2012, 11, 20, 3, 0, 0));

// an application may want to use UTC and make that visible
var options = {timeZone: "UTC", timeZoneName: "short"};
alert(date.toLocaleTimeString("en-US", options));
// → "3:00:00 AM GMT"

// sometimes even the US needs 24-hour time
alert(date.toLocaleTimeString("en-US", {hour12: false}));
// → "19:00:00"

Performance

When formatting large numbers of dates, it is better to create an Intl.DateTimeFormat object and use the function provided by its format property.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 3rd Edition. Implemented in JavaScript 1.0 Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript Language Specification 5.1th Edition (ECMA-262) Standard  
ECMAScript Language Specification 6th Edition (ECMA-262) Draft  
ECMAScript Internationalization API Specification, 1st Edition Standard Defines locales and options arguments.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
locales and options arguments 24 29 (29) 11 15 Not supported
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
locales and options arguments Not supported 26 Not supported

bug 864843

Not supported Not supported Not supported

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: Sheppy
Last updated by: Sheppy,
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