String.prototype.replaceAll()

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replaceAll() 方法返回一个新字符串,新字符串所有满足 pattern 的部分都已被replacement 替换。pattern可以是一个字符串或一个 RegExpreplacement可以是一个字符串或一个在每次匹配被调用的函数。

原始字符串保持不变。

语法

const newStr = str.replaceAll(regexp|substr, newSubstr|function)

当使用一个 `regex`时,您必须设置全局(“ g”)标志,
否则,它将引发 TypeError:“必须使用全局 RegExp 调用 replaceAll”。

参数

regexp (pattern)
A RegExp object or literal with the global flag. The matches are replaced with newSubstr or the value returned by the specified function. A RegExp without the global ("g") flag will throw a TypeError: "replaceAll must be called with a global RegExp".
substr
A String that is to be replaced by newSubstr. It is treated as a literal string and is not interpreted as a regular expression.
newSubstr (replacement)
The String that replaces the substring specified by the specified regexp or substr parameter. A number of special replacement patterns are supported; see the "Specifying a string as a parameter" section below.
function (replacement)
A function to be invoked to create the new substring to be used to replace the matches to the given regexp or substr. The arguments supplied to this function are described in the "Specifying a function as a parameter" section below.

返回值

A new string, with all matches of a pattern replaced by a replacement.

描述

此方法不会更改调用 String 对象。它只是返回一个新字符串。

将一个字符串作为一个参数

The replacement string can include the following special replacement patterns:

Pattern Inserts
$$ Inserts a "$".
$& Inserts the matched substring.
$` Inserts the portion of the string that precedes the matched substring.
$' Inserts the portion of the string that follows the matched substring.
$n Where n is a positive integer less than 100, inserts the nth parenthesized submatch string, provided the first argument was a RegExp object. Note that this is 1-indexed.

将一个函数指定为一个参数

你可以指定一个函数作为第二个参数,在这种情况下,函数只有在匹配发生之后才会被调用。The function's result (return value) will be used as the replacement string. (Note: The above-mentioned special replacement patterns do not apply in this case.)

Note that the function will be invoked multiple times for each full match to be replaced if the regular expression in the first parameter is global.

The arguments to the function are as follows:

Possible name Supplied value
match The matched substring. (Corresponds to $& above.)
p1, p2, ... The nth string found by a parenthesized capture group, provided the first argument to replace() was a RegExp object. (Corresponds to $1, $2, etc. above.) For example, if /(\a+)(\b+)/, was given, p1 is the match for \a+, and p2 for \b+.
offset The offset of the matched substring within the whole string being examined. (For example, if the whole string was 'abcd', and the matched substring was 'bc', then this argument will be 1.)
string The whole string being examined.

(The exact number of arguments depends on whether the first argument is a RegExp object—and, if so, how many parenthesized submatches it specifies.)

例子

使用 replaceAll

'aabbcc'.replaceAll('b', '.'); 
// 'aa..cc'

非全局 regex 抛出

使用正则表达式搜索值时,它必须是全局的。这将行不通:

'aabbcc'.replaceAll(/b/, '.');
TypeError: replaceAll must be called with a global RegExp

这将可以正常运行:

'aabbcc'.replaceAll(/b/g, '.');
"aa..cc"

规范

Specification
ECMAScript (ECMA-262)
String.prototype.replaceAll

浏览器兼容性

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
replaceAllChrome Full support 85Edge Full support 85Firefox Full support 77IE No support NoOpera Full support 71Safari Full support 13.1WebView Android Full support 85Chrome Android Full support 85Firefox Android Full support 79Opera Android Full support 60Safari iOS Full support 13.4Samsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs No support No

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