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Il metodo JSON.parse() parserizza una stringa JSON, opzionalmente trasforma il valore ottenuto dal parsing.

Sintassi

JSON.parse(text[, reviver])

Parametri

text
La stringa da parsificare scritta in JSON. Si veda l'oggetto JSON per una descrizione dettagliata della sintassi JSON.
reviver Optional
funzione di condizionamento, definisce come il valore prodotto all'origine dal parser debba essere trasformato, prima di essere restituito.

Parametro restituito

Restituisce l'oggetto Object corrispondente al testo JSON dato in input.

Throws

Throws a SyntaxError exception if the string to parse is not valid JSON.

Examples

Using JSON.parse()

JSON.parse('{}');              // {}
JSON.parse('true');            // true
JSON.parse('"foo"');           // "foo"
JSON.parse('[1, 5, "false"]'); // [1, 5, "false"]
JSON.parse('null');            // null

Using the reviver parameter

If a reviver is specified, the value computed by parsing is transformed before being returned. Specifically, the computed value, and all its properties (beginning with the most nested properties and proceeding to the original value itself), are individually run through the reviver, which is called with the object containing the property being processed as this and with the property name as a string and the property value as arguments. If the reviver function returns undefined (or returns no value, e.g. if execution falls off the end of the function), the property is deleted from the object. Otherwise the property is redefined to be the return value.

The reviver is ultimately called with the empty string and the topmost value to permit transformation of the topmost value. Be certain to handle this case properly, usually by returning the provided value, or JSON.parse() will return undefined.

JSON.parse('{"p": 5}', function(k, v) {
  if (k === '') { return v; } // if topmost value, return it,
  return v * 2;               // else return v * 2.
});                           // { p: 10 }

JSON.parse('{"1": 1, "2": 2, "3": {"4": 4, "5": {"6": 6}}}', function(k, v) {
  console.log(k); // log the current property name, the last is "".
  return v;       // return the unchanged property value.
});

// 1
// 2
// 4
// 6
// 5
// 3 
// ""

JSON.parse() does not allow trailing commas

// both will throw a SyntaxError
JSON.parse("[1, 2, 3, 4, ]");
JSON.parse("{ \"foo\" : 1, }");

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 5.1 (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'JSON.parse' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition. Implemented in JavaScript 1.7.
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'JSON.parse' in that specification.
Standard  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support (Yes) 3.5 (1.9.1) 8.0 10.5 4.0
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) 1.0 (1.0) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)

Gecko-specific notes

Starting Gecko 29 (Firefox 29 / Thunderbird 29 / SeaMonkey 2.26), a malformed JSON string yields a more detailed error message containing the line and column number that caused the parsing error. This is useful when debugging large JSON data.

JSON.parse('[1, 2, 3, 4]');
// SyntaxError: JSON.parse: unexpected character at
// line 1 column 10 of the JSON data

See also

Tag del documento e collaboratori

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