Deprecated: This feature is no longer recommended. Though some browsers might still support it, it may have already been removed from the relevant web standards, may be in the process of being dropped, or may only be kept for compatibility purposes. Avoid using it, and update existing code if possible; see the compatibility table at the bottom of this page to guide your decision. Be aware that this feature may cease to work at any time.

Note: Instead of using the deprecated ServiceWorkerGlobalScope.oninstall handler to catch events of this type, handle the (non-deprecated) install event using a listener added with addEventListener.

The parameter passed into the oninstall handler, the InstallEvent interface represents an install action that is dispatched on the ServiceWorkerGlobalScope of a ServiceWorker. As a child of ExtendableEvent, it ensures that functional events such as FetchEvent are not dispatched during installation.

This interface inherits from the ExtendableEvent interface.

Event ExtendableEvent InstallEvent


InstallEvent() Deprecated Non-standard

Creates a new InstallEvent object.

Instance properties

Inherits properties from its ancestor, Event.

Instance methods

Inherits methods from its parent, ExtendableEvent.


This code snippet is from the service worker prefetch sample (see prefetch running live.) The code calls ExtendableEvent.waitUntil() in ServiceWorkerGlobalScope.oninstall and delays treating the ServiceWorkerRegistration.installing worker as installed until the passed promise resolves successfully. The promise resolves when all resources have been fetched and cached, or when any exception occurs.

The code snippet also shows a best practice for versioning caches used by the service worker. Although this example has only one cache, you can use this approach for multiple caches. The code maps a shorthand identifier for a cache to a specific, versioned cache name.

Note: Logging statements are visible in Google Chrome via the "Inspect" interface for the relevant service worker accessed via chrome://serviceworker-internals.

const CACHE_VERSION = 1;
  prefetch: `prefetch-cache-v${CACHE_VERSION}`,

self.addEventListener("install", (event) => {
  const urlsToPrefetch = [

    "Handling install event. Resources to pre-fetch:",

      .then((cache) => {
        return cache
   => {
              return new Request(urlToPrefetch, { mode: "no-cors" });
          .then(() => {
            console.log("All resources have been fetched and cached.");
      .catch((error) => {
        console.error("Pre-fetching failed:", error);

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also