Secure context: This feature is available only in secure contexts (HTTPS), in some or all supporting browsers.

The ServiceWorker interface of the Service Worker API provides a reference to a service worker. Multiple browsing contexts (e.g. pages, workers, etc.) can be associated with the same service worker, each through a unique ServiceWorker object.

A ServiceWorker object is available in the property, and the ServiceWorkerContainer.controller property — this is a service worker that has been activated and is controlling the page (the service worker has been successfully registered, and the controlled page has been reloaded.)

The ServiceWorker interface is dispatched a set of lifecycle events — install and activate — and functional events including fetch. A ServiceWorker object has an associated ServiceWorker.state, related to its lifecycle.

Service workers allow static import of ECMAScript modules, if supported, using import. Dynamic import is disallowed by the specification — calling import() will throw.

EventTarget ServiceWorker

Instance properties

The ServiceWorker interface inherits properties from its parent, EventTarget.

ServiceWorker.scriptURL Read only

Returns the ServiceWorker serialized script URL defined as part of ServiceWorkerRegistration. The URL must be on the same origin as the document that registers the ServiceWorker.

ServiceWorker.state Read only

Returns the state of the service worker. It returns one of the following values: parsed, installing, installed, activating, activated, or redundant.

Instance methods

The ServiceWorker interface inherits methods from its parent, EventTarget.


Sends a message — consisting of any structured-cloneable JavaScript object — to the service worker. The message is transmitted to the service worker using a message event on its global scope.



Fired when ServiceWorker.state changes.


Fired when an error happens inside the ServiceWorker object.


This code snippet is from the service worker registration-events sample (live demo). The code listens for any change in the ServiceWorker.state and returns its value.


if ("serviceWorker" in navigator) {
    .register("service-worker.js", {
      scope: "./",
    .then((registration) => {
      let serviceWorker;
      if (registration.installing) {
        serviceWorker = registration.installing;
        document.querySelector("#kind").textContent = "installing";
      } else if (registration.waiting) {
        serviceWorker = registration.waiting;
        document.querySelector("#kind").textContent = "waiting";
      } else if ( {
        serviceWorker =;
        document.querySelector("#kind").textContent = "active";
      if (serviceWorker) {
        // logState(serviceWorker.state);
        serviceWorker.addEventListener("statechange", (e) => {
          // logState(;
    .catch((error) => {
      // Something went wrong during registration. The service-worker.js file
      // might be unavailable or contain a syntax error.
} else {
  // The current browser doesn't support service workers.
  // Perhaps it is too old or we are not in a Secure Context.


Service Workers
# serviceworker-interface

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also