WorkerGlobalScope

The WorkerGlobalScope interface of the Web Workers API is an interface representing the scope of any worker. Workers have no browsing context; this scope contains the information usually conveyed by Window objects — in this case event handlers, the console or the associated WorkerNavigator object. Each WorkerGlobalScope has its own event loop.

This interface is usually specialized by each worker type: DedicatedWorkerGlobalScope for dedicated workers, SharedWorkerGlobalScope for shared workers, and ServiceWorkerGlobalScope for ServiceWorker. The self property returns the specialized scope for each context.

EventTarget WorkerGlobalScope

Instance properties

This interface inherits properties from the EventTarget interface.

Standard properties

WorkerGlobalScope.navigator Read only

Returns the WorkerNavigator associated with the worker. It is a specific navigator object, mostly a subset of the Navigator for browsing scopes, but adapted to workers.

WorkerGlobalScope.self Read only

Returns a reference to the WorkerGlobalScope itself. Most of the time it is a specific scope like DedicatedWorkerGlobalScope, SharedWorkerGlobalScope or ServiceWorkerGlobalScope.

WorkerGlobalScope.location Read only

Returns the WorkerLocation associated with the worker. It is a specific location object, mostly a subset of the Location for browsing scopes, but adapted to workers.

WorkerGlobalScope.fonts Read only

Returns the FontFaceSet associated with the worker.

Non-standard properties

WorkerGlobalScope.performance Read only Non-standard

Returns the Performance associated with the worker. It is a regular performance object, except that only a subset of its property and methods are available to workers.

WorkerGlobalScope.console Read only Non-standard

Returns the console associated with the worker.

Instance properties implemented from elsewhere

caches Read only

Returns the CacheStorage object associated with the current context. This object enables functionality such as storing assets for offline use, and generating custom responses to requests.

indexedDB Read only

Provides a mechanism for applications to asynchronously access capabilities of indexed databases; returns an IDBFactory object.

isSecureContext Read only

Returns a boolean indicating whether the current context is secure (true) or not (false).

origin Read only

Returns the global object's origin, serialized as a string.

scheduler Read only

Returns the Scheduler object associated with the current context. This is the entry point for using the Prioritized Task Scheduling API.

Events

error

Fires when an error occurred.

offline

Fires when the browser has lost access to the network and the value of navigator.onLine switched to false.

online

Fires when the browser has gained access to the network and the value of navigator.onLine switched to true.

languagechange

Fires at the global/worker scope object when the user's preferred languages change.

rejectionhandled Non-standard

Fires on handled Promise rejection events.

unhandledrejection Non-standard

Fires on unhandled Promise rejection events.

Instance methods

This interface inherits methods from the EventTarget interface.

Standard methods

WorkerGlobalScope.importScripts()

Imports one or more scripts into the worker's scope. You can specify as many as you'd like, separated by commas. For example: importScripts('foo.js', 'bar.js');

Non-standard methods

WorkerGlobalScope.dump() Deprecated Non-standard

Allows you to write a message to stdout — i.e. in your terminal. This is the same as Firefox's window.dump, but for workers.

Instance methods implemented from elsewhere

atob()

Decodes a string of data which has been encoded using base-64 encoding.

btoa()

Creates a base-64 encoded ASCII string from a string of binary data.

clearInterval()

Cancels the repeated execution set using setInterval().

clearTimeout()

Cancels the delayed execution set using setTimeout().

createImageBitmap()

Accepts a variety of different image sources, and returns a Promise which resolves to an ImageBitmap. Optionally the source is cropped to the rectangle of pixels originating at (sx, sy) with width sw, and height sh.

fetch()

Starts the process of fetching a resource from the network.

setInterval()

Schedules a function to execute every time a given number of milliseconds elapses.

setTimeout()

Schedules a function to execute in a given amount of time.

reportError()

Reports an error in a script, emulating an unhandled exception.

Example

You won't access WorkerGlobalScope directly in your code; however, its properties and methods are inherited by more specific global scopes such as DedicatedWorkerGlobalScope and SharedWorkerGlobalScope. For example, you could import another script into the worker and print out the contents of the worker scope's navigator object using the following two lines:

importScripts('foo.js');
console.log(navigator);

Note: Since the global scope of the worker script is effectively the global scope of the worker you are running (DedicatedWorkerGlobalScope or whatever) and all worker global scopes inherit methods, properties, etc. from WorkerGlobalScope, you can run lines such as those above without specifying a parent object.

Specifications

Specification
HTML Standard
# the-workerglobalscope-common-interface

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also