The open() method of the IDBFactory interface requests opening a connection to a database.

The method returns an IDBOpenDBRequest object immediately, and performs the open operation asynchronously. If the operation is successful, a success event is fired on the request object that is returned from this method, with its result attribute set to the new IDBDatabase object for the connection.

If an error occurs while the database connection is being opened, then an error event is fired on the request object returned from this method.

May trigger upgradeneeded, blocked or versionchange events.

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.

Syntax

For the current standard:

var IDBOpenDBRequest = indexedDB.open(name);
var IDBOpenDBRequest = indexedDB.open(name, version);

Parameters

name
The name of the database.
version Optional
Optional. The version to open the database with. If the version is not provided and the database exists, then a connection to the database will be opened without changing its version. If the version is not provided and the database does not exist, then it will be created with version 1.

Experimental Gecko options object

options (version and storage) Optional
In Gecko, since version 26, you can include a non-standard options object as a parameter of IDBFactory.open that contains the version number of the database, plus a storage value that specifies whether you want to use persistent or temporary storage.
Warning: The storage attribute is deprecated and will soon be removed from Gecko. You should use StorageManager.persist() to get persistent storage instead.

Note: You can find out more information on the different available storage types, and how Firefox handles client-side data storage, at Browser storage limits and eviction criteria.

Return value

A IDBOpenDBRequest object on which subsequent events related to this request are fired.

Exceptions

This method may raise a DOMException of the following types:

Exception Description
TypeError The value of version is zero or a negative number or not a number.

Example

Example of calling open with the current specification's version parameter:

var request = window.indexedDB.open("toDoList", 4);

In the following code snippet, we make a request to open a database, and include handlers for the success and error cases. For a full working example, see our To-do Notifications app (view example live.)

var note = document.querySelector("ul");

// In the following line, you should include the prefixes
// of implementations you want to test.
window.indexedDB = window.indexedDB || window.mozIndexedDB || window.webkitIndexedDB || window.msIndexedDB;
// DON'T use "var indexedDB = ..." if you're not in a function.
// Moreover, you may need references to some window.IDB* objects:
window.IDBTransaction = window.IDBTransaction || window.webkitIDBTransaction || window.msIDBTransaction;
window.IDBKeyRange = window.IDBKeyRange || window.webkitIDBKeyRange || window.msIDBKeyRange;
// (Mozilla has never prefixed these objects, so we don't
//  need window.mozIDB*)

// Let us open version 4 of our database
var DBOpenRequest = window.indexedDB.open("toDoList", 4);

// these two event handlers act on the database being opened
// successfully, or not
DBOpenRequest.onerror = function(event) {
  note.innerHTML += '<li>Error loading database.</li>';
};
 
DBOpenRequest.onsuccess = function(event) {
  note.innerHTML += '<li>Database initialised.</li>';
    
  // store the result of opening the database in the db
  // variable. This is used a lot later on, for opening
  // transactions and suchlike.
  db = DBOpenRequest.result;
};

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Indexed Database API
The definition of 'open()' in that specification.
Recommendation  
Indexed Database API 2.0
The definition of 'open()' in that specification.
Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
No support 23 — 24
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
No support 10 — 16
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: moz
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes partial
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — ?
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: webkit
Chrome Android Full support 25Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 22Opera Android Full support 22Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: chrisdavidmills,