IDBDatabase.createObjectStore()

The createObjectStore() method of the IDBDatabase interface creates and returns a new object store or index.

The method takes the name of the store as well as a parameter object that lets you define important optional properties. You can use the property to uniquely identify individual objects in the store. As the property is an identifier, it should be unique to every object, and every object should have that property.

This method can be called only within a versionchange transaction.

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.

Syntax

var objectStore = IDBDatabase.createObjectStore(name);
var objectStore = IDBDatabase.createObjectStore(name, options);

Parameters

name
The name of the new object store to be created. Note that it is possible to create an object store with an empty name.
optionalParameters Optional

An options object whose attributes are optional parameters to the method. It includes the following properties:

Attribute Description
keyPath The key path to be used by the new object store. If empty or not specified, the object store is created without a key path and uses out-of-line keys. You can also pass in an array as a keyPath.
autoIncrement If true, the object store has a key generator. Defaults to false.

Unknown parameters are ignored.

Returns

IDBObjectStore
The newly created object store.

Exceptions

This method may raise a DOMException with a DOMError of one of the following types:

Exception Description
InvalidStateError Occurs if the method was not called from a versionchange transaction callback. For older WebKit browsers, you must call first.
TransactionInactiveError Occurs if a request is made on a source database that doesn't exist (e.g. has been deleted or removed.) In Firefox previous to version 41, an InvalidStateError was raised in this case as well, which was misleading; this has now been fixed (see bug 1176165.)
ConstraintError An object store with the given name (based on case-sensitive comparison) already exists in the connected database.
InvalidAccessError If autoIncrement is set to true and keyPath is either an empty string or an array containing an empty string.
 

Example

 // Let us open our database
  var request = window.indexedDB.open("toDoList", 4);
 
  // This handler is called when a new version of the database
  // is created, either when one has not been created before
  // or when a new version number is submitted by calling
  // window.indexedDB.open().
  // This handler is only supported in recent browsers.
  request.onupgradeneeded = function(event) {
    var db = event.target.result;
    
    db.onerror = function(event) {
      note.innerHTML += '<li>Error loading database.</li>';
    };

    // Create an objectStore for this database
    
    var objectStore = db.createObjectStore("toDoList", { keyPath: "taskTitle" });
    
    // define what data items the objectStore will contain
    
    objectStore.createIndex("hours", "hours", { unique: false });
    objectStore.createIndex("minutes", "minutes", { unique: false });
    objectStore.createIndex("day", "day", { unique: false });
    objectStore.createIndex("month", "month", { unique: false });
    objectStore.createIndex("year", "year", { unique: false });

    objectStore.createIndex("notified", "notified", { unique: false });
    
    note.innerHTML += '<li>Object store created.</li>';
  };

Specification

Specification Status Comment
Indexed Database API
The definition of 'createObjectStore()' in that specification.
Recommendation  
Indexed Database API 2.0
The definition of 'createObjectStore()' in that specification.
Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support

24

23 — 24 webkit

12

16

10 — 16 moz

101157
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support Yes Yes Yes22228 Yes

1. partial

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: fscholz, jpmedley, arronei, chrisdavidmills, jezdez, gsvelto, gargsms
Last updated by: fscholz,