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GainNode 接口的gain属性是一个a-rate AudioParam ,表示可利用的增益量.

语法

var audioCtx = new AudioContext();
var gainNode = audioCtx.createGain();
gainNode.gain.value = 0.5;

An AudioParam.

Note: Though the AudioParam returned is read-only, the value it represents is not.

Example

The following example shows basic usage of an AudioContext to create a GainNode, which is then used to mute and unmute the audio when a Mute button is clicked by changing the gain property value.

The below snippet wouldn't work as is — for a complete working example, check out our Voice-change-O-matic demo (view source.)

<div>
  <a class="mute">Mute button</a>
</div>
var audioCtx = new (window.AudioContext || window.webkitAudioContext)();
var gainNode = audioCtx.createGain();
var mute = document.querySelector('.mute');
var source;

if (navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia) {
 navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia (
   // constraints - only audio needed for this app
   {
     audio: true
   },

   // Success callback
   function(stream) {
     source = audioCtx.createMediaStreamSource(stream);

   },

   // Error callback
   function(err) {
     console.log('The following gUM error occured: ' + err);
   }
  );
} else {
   console.log('getUserMedia not supported on your browser!');
}

source.connect(gainNode);
gainNode.connect(audioCtx.destination);

  ...

mute.onclick = voiceMute;

function voiceMute() {
  if(mute.id == "") {
    gainNode.gain.value = 0;
    mute.id = "activated";
    mute.innerHTML = "Unmute";
  } else {
    gainNode.gain.value = 1;
    mute.id = "";
    mute.innerHTML = "Mute";
  }
}

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Web Audio API
gain
Working Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 10.0webkit (Yes) 25.0 (25.0)  未实现 15.0webkit
22 (unprefixed)
6.0webkit
Feature Android Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support ? (Yes) 26.0 1.2 ? ? ? 33.0

See also

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