The XMLHttpRequest upload property returns an XMLHttpRequestUpload object that can be observed to monitor an upload's progress.

It is an opaque object, but because it's also an XMLHttpRequestEventTarget, event listeners can be attached to track its process.

Note: Attaching event listeners to this object prevents the request from being a "simple request" and will cause a preflight request to be issued if cross-origin; see CORS. Because of this, event listeners need to be registered before calling send() or upload events won't be dispatched.

Note: The spec also seems to indicate that event listeners should be attached after open(). However, browsers are buggy on this matter, and often need the listeners to be registered before open() to work.

The following events can be triggered on an upload object and used to monitor the upload:

Event Event listener Description
loadstart onloadstart The upload has begun.
progress onprogress Periodically delivered to indicate the amount of progress made so far.
abort onabort The upload operation was aborted.
error onerror The upload failed due to an error.
load onload The upload completed successfully.
timeout ontimeout The upload timed out because a reply did not arrive within the time interval specified by the XMLHttpRequest.timeout.
loadend onloadend The upload finished. This event does not differentiate between success or failure, and is sent at the end of the upload regardless of the outcome. Prior to this event, one of load, error, abort, or timeout will already have been delivered to indicate why the upload ended.


XMLHttpRequest Standard (XMLHttpRequest)
# the-upload-attribute

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also