MediaDevices: enumerateDevices() method

The MediaDevices method enumerateDevices() requests a list of the currently available media input and output devices, such as microphones, cameras, headsets, and so forth. The returned Promise is resolved with an array of MediaDeviceInfo objects describing the devices.

The returned list will omit any devices that are blocked by the document Permission Policy: microphone, camera, speaker-selection (for output devices), and so on. Access to particular non-default devices is also gated by the Permissions API, and the list will omit devices for which the user has not granted explicit permission.






Return value

A Promise that is fulfilled with an array of MediaDeviceInfo objects. Each object in the array describes one of the available media input and output devices. The order is significant — the default capture devices will be listed first.

Other than default devices, only devices for which permission has been granted are "available".

If enumeration fails, the promise is rejected.

Security requirements

Access to the API is subject to the following constraints:


Here's an example of using enumerateDevices(). It outputs a list of the device IDs, with their labels if available.


if (!navigator.mediaDevices?.enumerateDevices) {
  console.log("enumerateDevices() not supported.");
} else {
  // List cameras and microphones.
    .then((devices) => {
      devices.forEach((device) => {
        console.log(`${device.kind}: ${device.label} id = ${device.deviceId}`);
    .catch((err) => {
      console.error(`${}: ${err.message}`);

This might produce:

videoinput: id = csO9c0YpAf274OuCPUA53CNE0YHlIr2yXCi+SqfBZZ8=
audioinput: id = RKxXByjnabbADGQNNZqLVLdmXlS0YkETYCIbg+XxnvM=
audioinput: id = r2/xw1xUPIyZunfV1lGrKOma5wTOvCkWfZ368XCndm0=

or if one or more MediaStreams are active or persistent permissions are granted:

videoinput: FaceTime HD Camera (Built-in) id=csO9c0YpAf274OuCPUA53CNE0YHlIr2yXCi+SqfBZZ8=
audioinput: default (Built-in Microphone) id=RKxXByjnabbADGQNNZqLVLdmXlS0YkETYCIbg+XxnvM=
audioinput: Built-in Microphone id=r2/xw1xUPIyZunfV1lGrKOma5wTOvCkWfZ368XCndm0=


Media Capture and Streams
# dom-mediadevices-enumeratedevices

Browser compatibility

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See also