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The IDBOpenDBRequest interface of the IndexedDB API provides access to the results of requests to open or delete databases (performed using IDBFactory.open and IDBFactory.deleteDatabase), using specific event handler attributes.

Inherits from: IDBRequest

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.

Methods

No methods.

Properties

Event handlers

IDBOpenDBRequest.onblocked
The event handler for the blocked event. This event is triggered when the upgradeneeded event should be triggered because of a version change but the database is still in use (i.e. not closed) somewhere, even after the versionchange event was sent.
IDBOpenDBRequest.onupgradeneeded
The event handler for the upgradeneeded event, fired when a database of a bigger version number than the existing stored database is loaded.

Example

In the following example you can see the onupgradeneeded handler being used to update the database structure if a database with a higher version number is loaded. For a full working example, see our To-do Notifications app (view example live.)

var db;

// Let us open our database
var DBOpenRequest = window.indexedDB.open("toDoList", 4);

// these two event handlers act on the database being opened successfully, or not
DBOpenRequest.onerror = function(event) {
  note.innerHTML += '<li>Error loading database.</li>';
};

DBOpenRequest.onsuccess = function(event) {
  note.innerHTML += '<li>Database initialised.</li>';
 
  // store the result of opening the database in the db variable. This is used a lot below
  db = DBOpenRequest.result;
 
  // Run the displayData() function to populate the task list with all the to-do list data already in the IDB
  displayData();
};

// This event handles the event whereby a new version of the database needs to be created
// Either one has not been created before, or a new version number has been submitted via the
// window.indexedDB.open line above
//it is only implemented in recent browsers
DBOpenRequest.onupgradeneeded = function(event) {
  var db = event.target.result;
 
  db.onerror = function(event) {
    note.innerHTML += '<li>Error loading database.</li>';
  };

  // Create an objectStore for this database   
  var objectStore = db.createObjectStore("toDoList", { keyPath: "taskTitle" });

  // define what data items the objectStore will contain
    
  objectStore.createIndex("hours", "hours", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("minutes", "minutes", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("day", "day", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("month", "month", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("year", "year", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("notified", "notified", { unique: false });
};

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Indexed Database API
The definition of 'IDBOpenDBRequest' in that specification.
Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 23webkit
24
10 moz
16.0 (16.0)
10, partial 15 7.1
Available in workers (Yes) 37.0 (37.0) ? (Yes) ?
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 4.4 22.0 (22.0) 1.0.1 10 22 8
Available in workers (Yes) 37.0 (37.0) (Yes) ? (Yes) ?

See also

ドキュメントのタグと貢献者

 このページの貢献者: jpmedley, chrisdavidmills, fscholz, mattandrews, pdm, teoli, julienw, scottrowe
 最終更新者: jpmedley,