概述

toString() 方法返回一个指定的错误对象(Error object)的字符串表示。

语法

e.toString();

描述

Error 对象覆盖了 Object.prototype.toString() 方法。该方法实现如下:(假定 ObjectString 没有被更改):

Error.prototype.toString = function()
{
  "use strict";

  var obj = Object(this);
  if (obj !== this)
    throw new TypeError();

  var name = this.name;
  name = (name === undefined) ? "Error" : String(name);

  var msg = this.message;
  msg = (msg === undefined) ? "" : String(msg);

  if (name === "")
    return msg;
  if (msg === "")
    return name;

  return name + ": " + msg;
};

示例

var e = new Error("fatal error");
print(e.toString()); // "Error: fatal error"

e.name = undefined;
print(e.toString()); // "Error: fatal error"

e.name = "";
print(e.toString()); // "fatal error"

e.message = undefined;
print(e.toString()); // "Error"

e.name = "hello";
print(e.toString()); // "hello"

规范

规范版本 规范状态 注解
ECMAScript 1st Edition. Standard Initial definition.
Implemented in JavaScript 1.1
ECMAScript 5.1 (ECMA-262)
Error.prototype.toString
Standard  
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
Error.prototype.toString
Standard  

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