<figure>:可附标题内容元素

HTML <figure> 元素代表一段独立的内容, 经常与说明(caption) <figcaption> 配合使用, 并且作为一个独立的引用单元。当它属于主内容流(main flow)时,它的位置独立于主体。这个标签经常是在主文中引用的图片,插图,表格,代码段等等,当这部分转移到附录中或者其他页面时不会影响到主体。

内容分类 Flow content, sectioning root, palpable content.
允许的内容 A <figcaption> element, followed by flow content; or flow content followed by a <figcaption> element; or flow content.
标签省略 不允许,开始标签和结束标签都不能省略。
允许的父元素 所有接受 Flow content 的元素
允许的 ARIA roles group, presentation
DOM 实例 HTMLElement

属性

此元素只包含 全局属性

使用说明

  • 通常,<figure>是图像,插图,图表,代码片段等,在文档的主流程中引用,但可以移动到文档的另一部分或附录而不影响主流程。
  • 作为sectioning root<figure>元素的内容轮廓将从文档的主要轮廓中排除。
  • 通过在其中插入<figcaption>(作为第一个或最后一个子元素),可以将标题与<figure>元素相关联。图中找到的第一个<figcaption>元素显示为图的标题。

例子

图像

<!-- Just an image -->
<figure>
  <img
  src="https://developer.cdn.mozilla.net/media/img/mdn-logo-sm.png"
  alt="A robotic monster over the letters MDN.">
</figure>

<!-- Image with a caption -->
<figure>
  <img
  src="https://developer.cdn.mozilla.net/media/img/mdn-logo-sm.png"
  alt="A robotic monster over the letters MDN.">	
  <figcaption>MDN Logo</figcaption>
</figure>

代码段

<figure>
  <figcaption>Get browser details using <code>navigator</code>.</figcaption>
  <pre>
function NavigatorExample() {
  var txt;
  txt = "Browser CodeName: " + navigator.appCodeName;
  txt+= "Browser Name: " + navigator.appName;
  txt+= "Browser Version: " + navigator.appVersion ;
  txt+= "Cookies Enabled: " + navigator.cookieEnabled;
  txt+= "Platform: " + navigator.platform;
  txt+= "User-agent header: " + navigator.userAgent;
}</pre>
</figure>

引用内容

<figure>
  <figcaption><cite>Edsger Dijkstra:</cite></figcaption>
  <blockquote>If debugging is the process of removing software bugs,
  then programming must be the process of putting them in.</blockquote>
</figure>

诗歌

<figure>
  <p style="white-space:pre">
Bid me discourse, I will enchant thine ear,
  Or like a fairy trip upon the green,
Or, like a nymph, with long dishevell'd hair,
  Dance on the sands, and yet no footing seen:
Love is a spirit all compact of fire,
  Not gross to sink, but light, and will aspire.</p>
  <figcaption><cite>Venus and Adonis</cite>,
    by William Shakespeare</figcaption>
</figure>

规范

规范 状态 备注
HTML Living Standard
<figure>
Living Standard
HTML5
<figure>
Recommendation

浏览器兼容性

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
figureChrome Full support 8Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 4IE Full support 9Opera Full support 11Safari Full support 5.1WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 11Safari iOS Full support 5.1Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support

参见