CSS building blocks

Traducción en progreso.

Este módulo retoma donde CSS first steps finalizó — ahora que estás familiarizado con el lenguaje y su sintaxis, y que tienes algo de experiencia en su uso, es hora de bucear un poco más profundo. Este módulo se centra en el estilo en cascada de css y en el concepto de herencia, también veremos todos los tipos de selectores, unidades, tamaños, estilos de fondo, bordes, debugging y mucho más.

El objetivo aqui es proveerte de herramientas para que puedas escribir código CSS competentemente y ayudarte a entender lo escencial de la teoría antes de centrarnos en disciplinas más específicas como text styling y CSS layout.

Prerrequisitos

Antes de comenzar este módulo deberías poseer:

  1. Un entendimiento básico de la utilización de una computadora y de la
    navegación web a nivel de usuario.
  2. Un entorno básico constituido en base a lo dispuesto en la guía Installing basic software, tanto como conocimiento acerca de la creación y la administración de archivos, como es detallado en Dealing with files.
  3. Una familiaridad básica con html, como es establecido en el módulo Introduction to HTML.
  4. Un entendimiento elemental de CSS, como es discutido en el módulo CSS first steps.

Nota: Si estás trabajando en una computadora, tablet, u otro dispositivo en el que no eres capaz de crear tus propios archivos puedes intentar la mayor parte de los ejemplos en código en un programa para trabajar código en linea como JSBin o Glitch.

Guías

En este módulo encontrarás artículos que cubren los fundamentos más esenciales del lenguaje CSS. A lo largo del módulo encontrarás múltiples ejercicios que te permitirán poner a prueba tu entendimiento.

Cascade and inheritance
The aim of this lesson is to develop your understanding of some of the most fundamental concepts of CSS — the cascade, specificity, and inheritance — which control how CSS is applied to HTML and how conflicts are resolved.
CSS selectors
There are a wide variety of CSS selectors available, allowing for fine-grained precision when selecting elements to style. In this article and its sub-articles we'll run through the different types in great detail, seeing how they work. The sub-articles are as follows:
The box model
Everything in CSS has a box around it, and understanding these boxes is key to being able to create layouts with CSS, or to align items with other items. In this lesson we will take a proper look at the CSS Box Model, in order that you can move onto more complex layout tasks with an understanding of how it works and the terminology that relates to it.
Backgrounds and borders
In this lesson we will take a look at some of the creative things you can do with CSS backgrounds and borders. From adding gradients, background images, and rounded corners, backgrounds and borders are the answer to a lot of styling questions in CSS.
Handling different text directions
In recent years, CSS has evolved in order to better support different directionality of content, including right-to-left but also top-to-bottom content (such as Japanese) — these different directionalities are called writing modes. As you progress in your study and begin to work with layout, an understanding of writing modes will be very helpful to you, therefore we will introduce them in this article.
Overflowing content
In this lesson we will look at another important concept in CSS — overflow. Overflow is what happens when there is too much content to be contained comfortably inside a box. In this guide you will learn what it is and how to manage it.
CSS values and units
Every property used in CSS has a value or set of values that are allowed for that property. In this lesson we will take a look at some of the most common values and units in use.
Sizing items in CSS
In the various lessons so far you have come across a number of ways to size items on a web page using CSS. Understanding how big the different features in your design will be is important, and in this lesson we will summarize the various ways elements get a size via CSS and define a few terms around sizing that will help you in the future.
Images, media, and form elements
In this lesson we will take a look at how certain special elements are treated in CSS. Images, other media, and form elements behave a little differently in terms of your ability to style them with CSS than regular boxes. Understanding what is and isn't possible can save some frustration, and this lesson will highlight some of the main things that you need to know.
Styling tables
Styling an HTML table isn't the most glamorous job in the world, but sometimes we all have to do it. This article provides a guide to making HTML tables look good, with some specific table styling techniques highlighted.
Debugging CSS
Sometimes when writing CSS you will encounter an issue where your CSS doesn't seem to be doing what you expect. This article will give you guidance on how to go about debugging a CSS problem, and show you how the DevTools included in all modern browsers can help you find out what is going on.
Organizing your CSS
As you start to work on larger stylesheets and big projects you will discover that maintaining a huge CSS file can be challenging. In this article we will take a brief look at some best practices for writing your CSS to make it easily maintainable, and some of the solutions you will find in use by others to help improve maintainability.

Assessments

Want to test your CSS skills? The following assessments will test your understanding of the CSS covered in the guides above.

Fundamental CSS comprehension
This assessment tests your understanding of basic syntax, selectors, specificity, box model, and more.
Creating fancy letterheaded paper
If you want to make the right impression, writing a letter on nice letterheaded paper can be a really good start. In this assessment, we'll challenge you to create an online template to achieve such a look.
A cool looking box
Here you'll get some practice in using background and border styling to create an eye-catching box.

See also

Advanced styling effects
This article acts as a box of tricks, providing an introduction to some interesting advanced styling features such as box shadows, blend modes, and filters.