This is an experimental technology
Because this technology's specification has not stabilized, check the compatibility table for the proper prefixes to use in various browsers. Also note that the syntax and behavior of an experimental technology is subject to change in future versions of browsers as the spec changes.

The emma read-only property of the SpeechRecognitionEvent interface returns an Extensible MultiModal Annotation markup language (EMMA) — XML — representation of the result.

Note: EMMA is defined in the specification EMMA: Extensible MultiModal Annotation markup language. You can see muliple EMMA examples in the spec.


var myEmma = event.emma;


A valid XML document. The exact contents can vary across user agents and recognition engines, but all supporting implementations will expose a valid XML document complete with an EMMA namespace. If the speech recognition system does not supply EMMA data then the user agent will return null.


recognition.onresult = function(event) {
  var color = event.results[0][0].transcript;
  diagnostic.textContent = 'Result received: ' + color + '.';
  bg.style.backgroundColor = color;


Specification Status Comment
Web Speech API
The definition of 'emma' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 33 [1] 44 (44) [2] Not supported Not supported Not supported
Feature Android Chrome Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? (Yes)[1] ? 2.5 Not supported Not supported Not supported
  • [1] Speech recognition interfaces are currently prefixed on Chrome, so you'll need to prefix interface names appropriately, e.g. webkitSpeechRecognition; You'll also need to serve your code through a web server for recognition to work.
  • [2] Can be enabled via the media.webspeech.recognition.enable flag in about:config, although note that currently speech recognition won't work on Desktop Firefox — it will be properly exposed soon, once the required internal permissions are sorted out.

Firefox OS permissions

To use speech recognition in an app, you need to specify the following permissions in your manifest:

"permissions": {
  "audio-capture" : {
    "description" : "Audio capture"
  "speech-recognition" : {
    "description" : "Speech recognition"

You also need a privileged app, so you need to include this as well:

  "type": "privileged"

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: chrisdavidmills
 Last updated by: chrisdavidmills,