ReadableStream.cancel()

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This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The cancel() method of the ReadableStream interface cancels the associated stream. The supplied reason parameter will be given to the underlying source, which may or may not use it.

Cancel is used when you've completely finished with the stream and don't need any more data from it, even if there are chunks enqueued waiting to be read. That data is lost after cancel is called, and the stream is not readable any more. To read those chunks still and not completely get rid of the stream, you'd use ReadableStreamDefaultController.close().

Syntax

Promise<reason> readableStreamInstance.cancel(reason);

Parameters

reason
A DOMString providing a human-readable reason for the cancellation.

Return value

A Promise, which fulfills with the value given in the reason parameter.

Exceptions

TypeError
The stream you are trying to cancel is not a ReadableStream, or it is locked.

Examples

In Jake Archibald's cancelling a fetch example, a stream is used to fetch the WHATWG HTML spec chunk by chunk; each chunk is searched for the string "service workers". When the search terms is found, cancel() is used to cancel the stream — the job is finished so it is no longer needed.

var searchTerm = "service workers";
// Chars to show either side of the result in the match
var contextBefore = 30;
var contextAfter = 30;
var caseInsensitive = true;
var url = 'https://html.spec.whatwg.org/';

console.log(`Searching '${url}' for '${searchTerm}'`);

fetch(url).then(response => {
  console.log('Received headers');

  var decoder = new TextDecoder();
  var reader = response.body.getReader();
  var toMatch = caseInsensitive ? searchTerm.toLowerCase() : searchTerm;
  var bufferSize = Math.max(toMatch.length - 1, contextBefore);
 
  var bytesReceived = 0;
  var buffer = '';
  var matchFoundAt = -1;

  return reader.read().then(function process(result) {
    if (result.done) {
      console.log('Failed to find match');
      return;
    }

    bytesReceived += result.value.length;
    console.log(`Received ${bytesReceived} bytes of data so far`);

    buffer += decoder.decode(result.value, {stream: true});

    // already found match & just context-gathering?
    if (matchFoundAt === -1) {
      matchFoundAt = (caseInsensitive ? buffer.toLowerCase() : buffer).indexOf(toMatch);
    }

    if (matchFoundAt === -1) {
      buffer = buffer.slice(-bufferSize);
    }
    else if (buffer.slice(matchFoundAt + toMatch.length).length >= contextAfter) {
      console.log("Here's the match:")
      console.log(buffer.slice(
        Math.max(0, matchFoundAt - contextBefore),
        matchFoundAt + toMatch.length + contextAfter
      ));
      console.log("Cancelling fetch");
      reader.cancel();
      return;
    }
    else {
      console.log('Found match, but need more context…');
    }

    // keep reading
    return reader.read().then(process);
  });
}).catch(err => {
  console.log("Something went wrong. See devtools for details. Does the response lack CORS headers?");
  throw err;
});

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Streams
The definition of 'cancel()' in that specification.
Living Standard Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

No compatibility data found. Please contribute data for "path.to.feature.NameOfTheProperty" (depth: 1) to the MDN compatibility data repository.

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: chrisdavidmills
 Last updated by: chrisdavidmills,