The Payment Request API defines a consistent user experience across payment methods, payment systems, platforms, and merchants. It is not a new payment method; rather, it is a conduit from the user's preferred payment method to a merchant.
Payment Request concepts and usage
Many problems related to online purchase abandonment can be traced to checkout forms, which are user-intensive, difficult to use, slow to load and refresh, and require multiple steps to complete. The Payment Request API is a system that is meant to eliminate checkout forms. It vastly improves user workflow during the purchase process, providing a more consistent user experience and enabling web merchants to easily leverage disparate payment methods.
Advantages of using the Payment Request API with "basic-card" (card-based payments):
- Fast purchase experience: Users enter their details once into the browser and are then ready to pay for goods and services on the web. They no longer have to fill out the same details repeatedly across different sites.
- Consistent experience on every site (that supports the API): As the payment sheet is controlled by the browser, it can tailor the experience to the user. This can include localizing the UI into the user's preferred language.
- Accessibility: As the browser controls the input elements of the payment sheet, it can assure consistent keyboard and screen reader accessibility on every website, without developers needing to do anything. A browser could also adjust the font size or color contrast of the payment sheet, making it more comfortable for the user to make a payment.
- Credentials management: Users can manage their credit cards and shipping addresses directly in the browser. A browser can also sync these "credentials" across devices, making it easy for users to jump from desktop to mobile and back again when buying things.
- Consistent error handling: The browser can check the validity of card numbers, and can tell the user if a card has expired (or is about to expire). The browser can automatically suggest which card to use based on past usage patterns or restrictions from the merchant (e.g, "we only accept Visa or Mastercard"), or allow the user to say which is their default/favorite card.
To request a payment, a web page creates a
PaymentRequest object in response to a user action that initiates a payment, such as clicking a "Purchase" button. The
PaymentRequest allows the web page to exchange information with the user agent while the user provides input to complete the transaction.
- An object that contains address information; used for billing and shipping addresses, for example.
- An object describing changes that need to be made to the payment details in the event that the server needs to update information following the instantiation of the payment interface but before the user begins to interact with it.
- An object that provides the API for creating and managing the user agent's payment interface.
- An event delivered to a payment handler when a
- Enables the web page to update the details of the payment request in response to a user action.
- An object returned after the user selects a payment method and approves a payment request.
Related interfaces defined in the Basic card payment spec
- Defines an object structure for containing payment request details such as card type.
- Defines an object structure for payment response details such as the number/expiry date of the card used to make the payment, and the billing address.
|Payment Request API||Candidate Recommendation||Initial definition.|
|Basic Card Payment||Working Draft||Defines
We're converting our compatibility data into a machine-readable JSON format. This compatibility table still uses the old format, because we haven't yet converted the data it contains. Find out how you can help!
|Feature||Chrome||Edge||Firefox (Gecko)||Internet Explorer||Opera||Safari (WebKit)|
|(Yes)||No support||?||No support||?|
|Feature||Android Webview||Chrome for Android||Edge||Firefox Mobile (Gecko)||IE Mobile||Opera Mobile||Safari Mobile|
|Basic support||No support||51||(Yes)||No support||?||No support||?|
 Supported but disabled on all versions. Hidden behind the