NavigateEvent.intercept()

Experimental: This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The intercept() method of the NavigateEvent interface intercepts this navigation, turning it into a same-document navigation to the destination URL.

Syntax

intercept()
intercept(options)

Parameters

options Optional

An options object containing the following properties:

handler Optional

A callback function that defines what the navigation handling behavior should be. This generally handles resource fetching, and returns a promise.

focusReset Optional

Defines the navigation's focus behavior. This may take one of the following values:

after-transition

Once the promise returned by your handler function resolves, the browser will focus the first element with the autofocus attribute, or the <body> element if no element has autofocus set. This is the default value.

manual

Disable the default behavior.

scroll Optional

Defines the navigation's scrolling behavior. This may take one of the following values:

after-transition

Allow the browser to handle scrolling, for example by scrolling to the relevant fragment identifier if the URL contains a fragment, or restoring the scroll position to the same place as last time if the page is reloaded or a page in the history is revisited. This is the default value.

manual

Disable the default behavior.

Return value

None (undefined).

Exceptions

InvalidStateError DOMException

Thrown if the current Document is not yet active, or if the navigation has been cancelled.

SecurityError DOMException

Thrown if the event was dispatched by a dispatchEvent() call, rather than the user agent, or if the navigation cannot be intercepted (i.e. NavigateEvent.canIntercept is false).

Examples

Handling a navigation using intercept()

navigation.addEventListener('navigate', event => {
  // Exit early if this navigation shouldn't be intercepted, 
  // e.g. if the navigation is cross-origin, or a download request
  if (shouldNotIntercept(event)) return;

  const url = new URL(event.destination.url);

  if (url.pathname.startsWith('/articles/')) {
    event.intercept({
      async handler() {
        // The URL has already changed, so show a placeholder while
        //fetching the new content, such as a spinner or loading page
        renderArticlePagePlaceholder();

        // Fetch the new content and display when ready
        const articleContent = await getArticleContent(url.pathname);
        renderArticlePage(articleContent);
      },
    });
  }
});

Using focusReset and scroll

Form submission can be detected by querying for the NavigateEvent.formData property. The following example turns any form submission into one which stays on the current page. In this case, you don't update the DOM, so you can cancel any default reset and scroll behavior using focusReset and scroll.

navigation.addEventListener('navigate', (event) => {
  if (event.formData && event.canIntercept) {
    // User submitted a POST form to a same-domain URL
    // (If canIntercept is false, the event is just informative:
    // you can't intercept this request, although you could
    // likely still call .preventDefault() to stop it completely).

    event.intercept({
      // Since we don't update the DOM in this navigation,
      // don't allow focus or scrolling to reset:
      focusReset: 'manual',
      scroll: 'manual',
      async handler() {
        await fetch(event.destination.url, {
          method: 'POST',
          body: event.formData,
        });
        // You could navigate again with {history: 'replace'} to change the URL here,
        // which might indicate "done"
      },
    });
  }
});

Specifications

Specification
Navigation API
# dom-navigateevent-intercept

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also