NavigateEvent: navigationType property

Limited availability

This feature is not Baseline because it does not work in some of the most widely-used browsers.

Experimental: This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The navigationType read-only property of the NavigateEvent interface returns the type of the navigation — push, reload, replace, or traverse.


An enumerated value representing the type of navigation.

The possible values are:

  • push: A new location is navigated to, causing a new entry to be pushed onto the history list.
  • reload: The Navigation.currentEntry is reloaded.
  • replace: The Navigation.currentEntry is replaced with a new history entry. This new entry will reuse the same key, but be assigned a different id.
  • traverse: The browser navigates from one existing history entry to another existing history entry.


Async transitions with special back/forward handling

Sometimes it's desirable to handle back/forward navigations specially, e.g. reusing cached views by transitioning them onto the screen. This can be done by branching as follows:

navigation.addEventListener("navigate", (event) => {
  // Some navigations, e.g. cross-origin navigations, we
  // cannot intercept. Let the browser handle those normally.
  if (!event.canIntercept) {

  // Don't intercept fragment navigations or downloads.
  if (event.hashChange || event.downloadRequest !== null) {

    async handler() {
      if (myFramework.currentPage) {
        await myFramework.currentPage.transitionOut();

      let { key } = event.destination;

      if (
        event.navigationType === "traverse" &&
      ) {
        await myFramework.previousPages.get(key).transitionIn();
      } else {
        // This will probably result in myFramework storing
        // the rendered page in myFramework.previousPages.
        await myFramework.renderPage(event.destination);


HTML Standard
# dom-navigateevent-navigationtype-dev

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also