ResizeObserver

The ResizeObserver interface reports changes to the dimensions of an Element's content or border box, or the bounding box of an SVGElement.

Note: The content box is the box in which content can be placed, meaning the border box minus the padding and border width. The border box encompasses the content, padding, and border. See The box model for further explanation.

ResizeObserver avoids infinite callback loops and cyclic dependencies that are often created when resizing via a callback function. It does this by only processing elements deeper in the DOM in subsequent frames. Implementations should, if they follow the specification, invoke resize events before paint and after layout.

Constructor

ResizeObserver()
Creates and returns a new ResizeObserver object.

Properties

None.

Methods

ResizeObserver.disconnect()
Unobserves all observed Element targets of a particular observer.
ResizeObserver.observe()
Initiates the observing of a specified Element.
ResizeObserver.unobserve()
Ends the observing of a specified Element.

Examples

In the resize-observer-text.html (see source) example, we use the resize observer to change the font-size of a header and paragraph as a slider’s value is changed causing the containing <div> to change width. This shows that you can respond to changes in an element’s size, even if they have nothing to do with the viewport.

We also provide a checkbox to turn the observer off and on. If it is turned off, the text will not change in response to the <div>'s width changing.

The JavaScript looks like so:

const h1Elem = document.querySelector('h1');
const pElem = document.querySelector('p');
const divElem = document.querySelector('body > div');
const slider = document.querySelector('input[type="range"]');
const checkbox = document.querySelector('input[type="checkbox"]');

divElem.style.width = '600px';

slider.addEventListener('input', () => {
  divElem.style.width = slider.value + 'px';
})

const resizeObserver = new ResizeObserver(entries => {
  for (let entry of entries) {
    if(entry.contentBoxSize) {
      // Firefox implements `contentBoxSize` as a single content rect, rather than an array
      const contentBoxSize = Array.isArray(entry.contentBoxSize) ? entry.contentBoxSize[0] : entry.contentBoxSize;
      
      h1Elem.style.fontSize = Math.max(1.5, contentBoxSize.inlineSize / 200) + 'rem';
      pElem.style.fontSize = Math.max(1, contentBoxSize.inlineSize / 600) + 'rem';
    } else {
      h1Elem.style.fontSize = Math.max(1.5, entry.contentRect.width / 200) + 'rem';
      pElem.style.fontSize = Math.max(1, entry.contentRect.width / 600) + 'rem';
    }
  }
  
  console.log('Size changed');
});

resizeObserver.observe(divElem);

checkbox.addEventListener('change', () => {
  if (checkbox.checked) {
    resizeObserver.observe(divElem);
  } else {
    resizeObserver.unobserve(divElem);
  }
});

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Resize Observer
The definition of 'ResizeObserver' in that specification.
Editor's Draft Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also