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MediaSource.addSourceBuffer()

This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The addSourceBuffer() method of the MediaSource interface creates a new SourceBuffer of the given MIME type and adds it to the MediaSource's SourceBuffers list.

Syntax

var sourceBuffer = mediaSource.addSourceBuffer(mimeType);

Parameters

mimeType
The MIME type of the source buffer you want to create.

Returns

A SourceBuffer object.

Errors

The following errors may be thrown when calling this method.

Error Explanation
InvalidAccessError The supplied mimeType is an empty string.
InvalidStateError MediaSource.readyState is not equal to open.
NotSupportedError The supplied mimeType is not supported by the current browser, or it is not compatible with the mimeTypes specified for the SourceBuffer objects that already exist in MediaSource.sourceBuffers.
QuotaExceededError The user agent can't handle any more SourceBuffer objects, or creating a SourceBuffer based on this mimeType would result in an unsupported SourceBuffer configuration.

Example

The following snippet is from a simple example written by Nick Desaulniers (view the full demo live, or download the source for further investigation.)

var assetURL = 'frag_bunny.mp4';
// Need to be specific for Blink regarding codecs
// ./mp4info frag_bunny.mp4 | grep Codec
var mimeCodec = 'video/mp4; codecs="avc1.42E01E, mp4a.40.2"';

if ('MediaSource' in window && MediaSource.isTypeSupported(mimeCodec)) {
  var mediaSource = new MediaSource;
  //console.log(mediaSource.readyState); // closed
  video.src = URL.createObjectURL(mediaSource);
  mediaSource.addEventListener('sourceopen', sourceOpen);
} else {
  console.error('Unsupported MIME type or codec: ', mimeCodec);
}

function sourceOpen (_) {
  //console.log(this.readyState); // open
  var mediaSource = this;
  var sourceBuffer = mediaSource.addSourceBuffer(mimeCodec);
  fetchAB(assetURL, function (buf) {
    sourceBuffer.addEventListener('updateend', function (_) {
      mediaSource.endOfStream();
      video.play();
      //console.log(mediaSource.readyState); // ended
    });
    sourceBuffer.appendBuffer(buf);
  });
};

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Media Source Extensions
The definition of 'addSourceBuffer()' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support

31

23 — 31 -webkit-

12

42

25 — 421 2

113158
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support3333 Yes4130 No Yes

1. Limited support to a whitelist of sites, for example YouTube, Netflix, and other popular streaming sites. The whitelist was removed when Media Source Extensions was enabled by default in Firefox 42.

2. From version 25 until version 42 (exclusive): this feature is behind the media.mediasource.enabled preference. To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.

3. Only works on Windows 8+.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: fscholz, jpmedley, libbymc, chrisdavidmills
Last updated by: fscholz,