ImageData()

The ImageData() constructor returns a newly instantiated ImageData object built from the typed array given and having the specified width and height.

This constructor is the preferred way of creating such an object in a Worker.

Syntax

new ImageData(array, width [, height]);
new ImageData(width, height);

Parameters

array Optional
A Uint8ClampedArray containing the underlying pixel representation of the image. If no such array is given, an image with a transparent black rectangle of the specified width and height will be created.
width
An unsigned long representing the width of the image.
height
An unsigned long representing the height of the image. This value is optional if an array is given: the height will be inferred from the array's size and the given width.

Return value

A new ImageData object.

Errors thrown

IndexSizeError
Thrown if array is specified, but its length is not a multiple of (4 * width) or (4 * width * height).

Examples

Creating a blank ImageData object

This example creates an ImageData object that is 200 pixels wide and 100 pixels tall, containing a total of 20,000 pixels.

let imageData = new ImageData(200, 100);
// ImageData { width: 200, height: 100, data: Uint8ClampedArray[80000] }

Initializing ImageData with an array

This example instantiates an ImageData object with pixel colors defined by an array.

HTML

<canvas id="canvas"></canvas>

JavaScript

The array (arr) has a length of 40000: it consists of 10,000 pixels, each of which is defined by 4 values. The ImageData constructor specifies a width of 200 for the new object, so its height defaults to 10,000 divided by 200, which is 50.

const canvas = document.getElementById('canvas');
const ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');
const arr = new Uint8ClampedArray(40000);

// Iterate through every pixel
for (let i = 0; i < arr.length; i += 4) {
  arr[i + 0] = 0;    // R value
  arr[i + 1] = 190;  // G value
  arr[i + 2] = 0;    // B value
  arr[i + 3] = 255;  // A value
}

// Initialize a new ImageData object
let imageData = new ImageData(arr, 200);

// Draw image data to the canvas
ctx.putImageData(imageData, 20, 20);

Result

Specifications

Specification
HTML Standard (HTML)
# dom-imagedata-dev

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also