IDBTransaction: error event

The error event is fired on IDBTransaction when a request returns an error and the event bubbles up to the transaction object.

Bubbles Yes
Cancelable No
Interface Event
Event handler property onerror

Examples

This example opens a database and tries to add a record, listening for the error event for the add() operation (this will occur if, for example, a record with the given taskTitle already exists):

// Open the database
const dBOpenRequest = window.indexedDB.open('toDoList', 4);

dBOpenRequest.onupgradeneeded = (event) => {
  const db = event.target.result;

  // Create an objectStore for this database
  const objectStore = db.createObjectStore('toDoList', { keyPath: 'taskTitle' });

  // define what data items the objectStore will contain
  objectStore.createIndex('hours', 'hours', { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex('minutes', 'minutes', { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex('day', 'day', { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex('month', 'month', { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex('year', 'year', { unique: false });
};

dBOpenRequest.onsuccess = (event) => {
  const db = dBOpenRequest.result;

  // open a read/write db transaction, ready for adding the data
  const transaction = db.transaction(['toDoList'], 'readwrite');

  transaction.addEventListener('error', () => {
    console.log(`Error adding new item: ${newItem.taskTitle}`);
  });

  const objectStore = transaction.objectStore('toDoList');
  const newItem = { taskTitle: 'my task', hours: 10, minutes: 10, day: 10, month: 'January', year: 2020 };

  const objectStoreRequest = objectStore.add(newItem);
};

The same example, using the onerror property instead of addEventListener():

// Open the database
const dBOpenRequest = window.indexedDB.open('toDoList', 4);

dBOpenRequest.onupgradeneeded = (event) => {
  const db = event.target.result;

  // Create an objectStore for this database
  const objectStore = db.createObjectStore('toDoList', { keyPath: 'taskTitle' });

  // define what data items the objectStore will contain
  objectStore.createIndex('hours', 'hours', { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex('minutes', 'minutes', { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex('day', 'day', { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex('month', 'month', { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex('year', 'year', { unique: false });
};

dBOpenRequest.onsuccess = (event) => {
  const db = dBOpenRequest.result;

  // open a read/write db transaction, ready for adding the data
  const transaction = db.transaction(['toDoList'], 'readwrite');

  transaction.onerror = () => {
    console.log(`Error adding new item: ${newItem.taskTitle}`);
  };

  const objectStore = transaction.objectStore('toDoList');
  const newItem = { taskTitle: 'my task', hours: 10, minutes: 10, day: 10, month: 'January', year: 2020 };

  const objectStoreRequest = objectStore.add(newItem);
};

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also