只读属性 Window.navigator 会返回一个 Navigator 对象的引用,可以用于请求运行当前代码的应用程序的相关信息。

语法

navigatorObject = window.navigator

例子

例子 #1:检测浏览器并返回浏览器名称字符串

var sBrowser, sUsrAg = navigator.userAgent;

// The order matters here, and this may report false positives for unlisted browsers.

if (sUsrAg.indexOf("Firefox") > -1) {
  sBrowser = "Mozilla Firefox";
  // "Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Ubuntu; Linux x86_64; rv:61.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/61.0"
} else if (sUsrAg.indexOf("Opera") > -1 || sUsrAg.indexOf("OPR") > -1) {
  sBrowser = "Opera";
  //"Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_14_0) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/70.0.3538.102 Safari/537.36 OPR/57.0.3098.106"
} else if (sUsrAg.indexOf("Trident") > -1) {
  sBrowser = "Microsoft Internet Explorer";
  // "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; WOW64; Trident/7.0; .NET4.0C; .NET4.0E; Zoom 3.6.0; wbx 1.0.0; rv:11.0) like Gecko"
} else if (sUsrAg.indexOf("Edge") > -1) {
  sBrowser = "Microsoft Edge";
  // "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/58.0.3029.110 Safari/537.36 Edge/16.16299"
} else if (sUsrAg.indexOf("Chrome") > -1) {
  sBrowser = "Google Chrome or Chromium";
  // "Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Ubuntu Chromium/66.0.3359.181 Chrome/66.0.3359.181 Safari/537.36"
} else if (sUsrAg.indexOf("Safari") > -1) {
  sBrowser = "Apple Safari";
  // "Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 11_4 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit/605.1.15 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/11.0 Mobile/15E148 Safari/604.1 980x1306"
} else {
  sBrowser = "unknown";
}

alert("当前浏览器为: " + sBrowser);

例子 #2:检测浏览器并返回代表当前浏览器的索引数字

function getBrowserId () {
  var aKeys = ["MSIE", "Firefox", "Safari", "Chrome", "Opera"],
      sUsrAg = navigator.userAgent,
      nIdx = aKeys.length - 1;

  for (nIdx; nIdx > -1 && sUsrAg.indexOf(aKeys[nIdx]) === -1; nIdx--);

  return nIdx;
}

console.log(getBrowserId());

规范

规范 状态 备注
HTML Living Standard
Window: navigator
Living Standard  

浏览器兼容性

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
navigatorChrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support YesIE ? Opera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown

参见

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