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This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

HTML <menu> 요소는 사용자가 수행하거나 하는 명령 묶음을 말합니다. 이것은 스크린 위에 나오는 목록 메뉴와 눌려진 버튼 아래에 나오는 것과 같은 맥락 메뉴를 포함합니다.

사용 알림: <menu><ul> 요소 둘 다 무순의 아이템 목록을 말합니다. 가장 중요한 차이점은 <ul>는 주로 보여주는 아이템을 담지만, <menu>는 실행할 수 있는 상호작용 가능한 아이템을 의미한다는 것입니다.

알림: 이 요소는 HTML4에 사장되었지만, HTML5.1(아직 초안 단계)에 재정의되었습니다. 이 문서는 현재 파이어폭스에 구현된 것을 설명합니다. HTML5.1 초안에 의하면 type 속성값의  'list'는 'toolbar'로, 'context'는 'popup'으로 바뀔 것 같습니다.

Content categories Flow content. Additionally, if in the list menu state, palpable content. (list menu is the default state, unless the parent element is a <menu> in the context menu state.)
Permitted content If the element is in the list menu state: flow content, or alternatively, zero or more occurrences of <li>, <script>, and <template>.
If the element is in the context menu state: zero or more occurrences, in any order, of <menu> (context menu state only), <menuitem>, <hr>, <script>, and <template>.
Tag omission None, both the starting and ending tag are mandatory.
Permitted parent elements Any element that accepts flow content.
DOM interface HTMLMenuElement

속성

이 요소는 전역 속성을 포함합니다.

label
사용자에게 보여지는 메뉴의 이름입니다. Used within nested menus, to provide a label through which the submenu can be accessed. Must only be specified when the parent element is a <menu> in the context menu state.
type
This attribute indicates the kind of menu being declared, and can be one of two values.
  • context: The context menu state, which represents a group of commands activated through another element. This might be through the menu attribute of a <button>, or an element with a contextmenu attribute. When nesting <menu> elements directly within one another, this is the missing value default if the parent is already in this state.
  • list: The list menu state, which represents a series of commands for user interaction. This is the missing value default, except where the parent element is a <menu> in the context menu state.

Examples

Example 1

<!-- A button, which displays a menu when clicked. -->
<button type="menu" menu="dropdown-menu">
  Dropdown
</button>

<menu type="context" id="dropdown-menu">
  <menuitem label="Action">
  <menuitem label="Another action">
  <hr>
  <menuitem label="Separated action">
</menu>

Result

Example 2

<!-- A context menu for a simple editor, containing two menu buttons. -->
<menu>
  <li>
    <button type="menu" value="File" menu="file-menu">
    <menu type="context" id="file-menu">
      <menuitem label="New..." onclick="newFile()">
      <menuitem label="Save..." onclick="saveFile()">
    </menu>
  </li>
  <li>
    <button type="menu" value="Edit" menu="edit-menu">
    <menu type="context" id="edit-menu">
      <menuitem label="Cut..." onclick="cutEdit()">
      <menuitem label="Copy..." onclick="copyEdit()">
      <menuitem label="Paste..." onclick="pasteEdit()">
    </menu>
  </li>
</menu>

Result

스펙

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<menu>' in that specification.
Living Standard  
HTML 5.1
The definition of '<menu>' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition

브라우저

We're converting our compatibility data into a machine-readable JSON format. This compatibility table still uses the old format, because we haven't yet converted the data it contains. Find out how you can help!

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support ? No support[1] ? ? ?
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? No support[1] ? ? ?

[1] Gecko has some implementation, though it is not compatible to the specification. See bug 1100749.

See also

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