ARIA

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Accessible Rich Internet Applications (ARIA) define cómo realizar contenido Web y aplicaciones Web (especialmente las desarrolladas con Ajax y JavaScript) más accesibles a personas con discapacidades. Por ejemplo, ARIA posibilita puntos de navegación accesibles, widgets JavaScript, sugerencias en formularios y mensajes de error, actualizaciones en directo, y más.

ARIA es un conjunto de atributos especiales para accesibilidad que pueden añadirse a cualquier etiqueta, pero especialmente adaptado a  HTML. El atributo role define el tipo general del objeto (como un artículo, una alerta o un deslizador). Atributos adicionales de ARIA proporcionan otras propiedades útiles, como una descripción para un formulario o el valor actual de una barra de progreso.

ARIA está implementado en la mayoría de los navegadores y lectores de panralla más populares. De todas formas, las implementaciones varían y las tecnologías antiguas no lo soportan bien (si es que lo soportan). Use "safe" en ARIA, que reduce elegantemente la funcionalidad en caso necesario o pida a los usuarios actualizarse a una tecnología más actual.

Nota: Por favor, ¡contribuya y mejore ARIA para el siguiente que llegue! ¿No tiene tiempo suficiente? Envíe sus sugerencias a la lista de distribución de accesibilidad de Mozilla o al canal IRC #accessibility.

Getting Started with ARIA

Introducción a ARIA
Una Rápida introducción a la creación de contenido dinámico accesible con ARIA. También revisa el clásico ARIA intro by Gez Lemon, de 2008.
Preguntas frecuentes sobre Aplicaciones Web y ARIA
Responde preguntas comunes acerca de WAI-ARIA y por qué es necesario para hacer aplicaciones web accesibles.
Videos de Lectores de Pantalla usando ARIA
Mira ejemplos reales y simplificados de toda la web, incluyendo videos "antes" y "despues" de ARIA.
Usando ARIA en HTML
Una guía practica para desarrolladores. Sugiere que atributos ARIA usar en elementos HTML. Las sugerencias están basadas en implementaciones reales.

Simple ARIA Enhancements

Enhancing Page Navigation with ARIA Landmarks
A nice intro to using ARIA landmarks to improve web page navigation for screen reader users. See also, ARIA landmark implementation notes and examples on real sites (updated as of July '11).
Improving Form Accessibility
ARIA is not just for dynamic content! Learn how to improve accessibility of HTML forms using additional ARIA attributes. 
Live regions (work-in-progress)
Live regions provide suggestions to screen readers about how to handle changes to the contents of a page.
Using ARIA Live Regions to Announce Content Changes
A quick summary of live regions, by the makers of JAWS screen reader software. Note that live regions are also supported by NVDA in Firefox, and VoiceOver with Safari (as of OS X Lion and iOS 5).

ARIA for Scripted Widgets

Keyboard Navigation and Focus for JavaScript Widgets
The first step in developing an accessible JavaScript widget is to make it keyboard navigable. This article steps through the process. The Yahoo! focus management article is a great resource as well.
Style Guide for Keyboard Navigation
A challenge with ARIA is getting developers to implement consistent behavior -- clearly best for users. This style guide describes the keyboard interface for common widgets.

ARIA Resources

Widget Techniques, Tutorials, and Examples
Need a slider, a menu, or another kind of widget? Find resources here.
ARIA-Enabled JavaScript UI Libraries
If you're starting a new project, choose a UI widget library with ARIA support already built-in. Warning: this is from 2009 -- content should be moved to an MDN page where it can be updated.
Accessibility of HTML5 and Rich Internet Applications - CSUN 2012 Workshop Materials
Includes slide presentations and examples.

Mailing List

Free ARIA Google Group
A place to ask questions about ARIA, as well as make suggestions for improving the ARIA documentation found on these pages.

Blogs

ARIA information on blogs tends to get out of date quickly. Still, there is some great info out there from other developers making ARIA work today.

Paciello Group

Accessible Culture

Filing Bugs

File ARIA bugs on browsers, screen readers, and JavaScript libraries.

Examples

ARIA Examples Library
A set of barebones example files which are easy to learn from.
Accessible JS Widget Library Demos
Dojo, jQueryFluid, YUI
Yahoo! Mail
Yahoo! puts it all together with Yahoo! Mail, a web app that almost looks like a native app. It works very well. As a review of Yahoo! Mail by screen reader Marco Zehe says, "Keep up the good work!".
Yahoo! Search
Yahoo! has done an amazing job of advancing ARIA here, by exercising ARIA's full capabilities and sharing their techniques. Yahoo! Search uses a combination of ARIA landmarks, live regions, and widgets.

Standardization Efforts

WAI-ARIA Activities Overview at W3C
Authoritative Overview of WAI-ARIA Standardization efforts by the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI)
WAI-ARIA Specification
The W3C specification itself, useful as a reference. Note that, at this stage, it is important to test compatibility, as implementations are still inconsistent.
WAI-ARIA Authoring Practices
Like the W3C WAI-ARIA specification, the official best practices represents a future ideal -- a day when authors can rely on consistent ARIA support across browsers and screen readers. The W3C documents provide an in-depth view of ARIA.

For now, web developers implementing ARIA should maximize compatibility. Use best practices docs and examples based on current implementations.
Open AJAX Accessibility Task Force
The Open AJAX effort centers around developing tools, sample files, and automated tests for ARIA.
Under Construction: WCAG 2.0 ARIA Techniques
The community needs a complete set of WCAG techniques for WAI-ARIA + HTML, so that organizations can be comfortable claiming their ARIA-enabled content is WCAG compliant. This is mostly important when regulations or policies are based on WCAG.
Accessibility, AJAX, JavaScript

 

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