The URL.createObjectURL() static method creates a DOMString containing a URL representing the object given in the parameter. The URL lifetime is tied to the document in the window on which it was created. The new object URL represents the specified File object or Blob object.

To release an object URL, call revokeObjectURL().

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.

Note: This feature is not available in Service Workers due to its potential to create memory leaks.

Syntax

objectURL = URL.createObjectURL(object);

Parameters

object
A File, Blob or MediaSource object to create an object URL for.

Return value

A DOMString containing an object URL that can be used to reference the contents of the specified source object.

Example

See Using object URLs to display images.

Usage notes

Memory management

Each time you call createObjectURL(), a new object URL is created, even if you've already created one for the same object. Each of these must be released by calling URL.revokeObjectURL() when you no longer need them.

Browsers will release object URLs automatically when the document is unloaded; however, for optimal performance and memory usage, if there are safe times when you can explicitly unload them, you should do so.

Using object URLs for media streams

In older versions of the Media Source specification, attaching a stream to a <video> element required creating an object URL for the MediaStream. This is no longer necessary, and browsers are removing support for doing this.

Important: If you still have code that relies on createObjectURL() to attach streams to media elements, you need to update your code to simply set srcObject to the MediaStream directly.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
File API
The definition of 'createObjectURL()' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition.
Media Source Extensions
The definition of 'URL' in that specification.
Recommendation

MediaSource extension.

Older versions of this specification used createObjectURL() for MediaStream objects; this is no longer supported.

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support

23

81

1241015

7

61

No longer accepts MediaStream object ? ?62 ? ? ?
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support ? ? ?4 ? ? ?
No longer accepts MediaStream object ? ? ?62 ? ? ?

1. Supported as webkitURL.

See also