Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.

The FileList interface represents an object of this type returned by the files property of the HTML <input> element; this lets you access the list of files selected with the <input type="file"> element. It's also used for a list of files dropped into web content when using the drag and drop API; see the DataTransfer object for details on this usage.

All <input> element nodes have a files attribute of type FileList on them which allows access to the items in this list. For example, if the HTML includes the following file input:

<input id="fileItem" type="file" />

The following line of code fetches the first file in the node's file list as a File object:

const file = document.getElementById("fileItem").files[0];

Note: This interface was an attempt to create an unmodifiable list and only continues to be supported to not break code that's already using it. Modern APIs use types that wrap around ECMAScript array types instead, so you can treat them like ECMAScript arrays, and at the same time impose additional semantics on their usage (such as making their items read-only).

Instance properties

length Read only

A read-only value indicating the number of files in the list.

Instance methods


Returns a File object representing the file at the specified index in the file list.


Logging filenames

In this example, we log the names of all the files selected by the user.


<input id="myfiles" multiple type="file" />
<pre class="output">Selected files:</pre>


.output {
  overflow: scroll;
  margin: 1rem 0;
  height: 200px;


const output = document.querySelector(".output");
const fileInput = document.querySelector("#myfiles");

fileInput.addEventListener("change", () => {
  for (const file of fileInput.files) {
    output.innerText += `\n${}`;



File API
# filelist-section
HTML Standard
# dom-input-files-dev

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also