Response.clone()

The clone() method of the Response interface creates a clone of a response object, identical in every way, but stored in a different variable.

Like the underlying ReadableStream.tee api, the body of a cloned Response will signal backpressure at the rate of the faster consumer of the two bodies, and unread data is enqueued internally on the slower consumed body without any limit or backpressure. Backpressure refers to the mechanism by which the streaming consumer of data (in this case, the code that reads the body) slows down the producer of data (such as the TCP server) so as not to load large amounts of data in memory that is waiting to be used by the application. If only one cloned branch is consumed, then the entire body will be buffered in memory. Therefore, clone() is one way to read a response twice in sequence, but you should not use it to read very large bodies in parallel at different speeds.

clone() throws a TypeError if the response body has already been used. In fact, the main reason clone() exists is to allow multiple uses of body objects (when they are one-use only.)

Syntax

clone()

Parameters

None.

Return value

A Response object.

Examples

In our Fetch Response clone example (see Fetch Response clone live) we create a new Request object using the Request() constructor, passing it a JPG path. We then fetch this request using fetch(). When the fetch resolves successfully, we clone it, extract a blob from both responses using two Response.blob calls, create object URLs out of the blobs using URL.createObjectURL, and display them in two separate <img> elements.

var image1 = document.querySelector('.img1');
var image2 = document.querySelector('.img2');

var myRequest = new Request('flowers.jpg');

fetch(myRequest).then(function(response) {
  var response2 = response.clone();

  response.blob().then(function(myBlob) {
    var objectURL = URL.createObjectURL(myBlob);
    image1.src = objectURL;
  });

  response2.blob().then(function(myBlob) {
    var objectURL = URL.createObjectURL(myBlob);
    image2.src = objectURL;
  });
});

Specifications

Specification
Fetch Standard
# ref-for-dom-response-clone①

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also