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The MediaRecorder API (MediaStream Recording) aims to provide a really simple mechanism by which developers can record media streams from the user's input devices and instantly use them in web apps, rather than having to perform manual encoding operations on raw PCM data, etc., which would be required when using Navigator.getUserMedia() alone.

Key concepts and usage

MediaRecorder works alongside Navigator.getUserMedia() to capture media data. In a simple application, the MediaRecorder.start() method is called to start the recording. The dataavailable event is then fired when data is available to grab — when the MediaStream ends,  or when MediaRecorder.stop() or MediaRecorder.requestData() are called. The current recorded data is made available, in the platform's default encoding, as a Blob under dataavailable's data attribute.

More complex applications can query the available set of encodings on the platform and select which one to use, and choose to receive small buffers of data at regular intervals rather than the whole lot at once (a time slice argument can been specified when MediaRecorder.start() is called).

Note: You can read up on the basics of how to use the MediaRecorder API in Using the MediaRecorder API.

MediaRecorder Interfaces

MediaRecorder
Contains all the functionality required for the MediaRecorder API to capture media. Created by the invokation of the MediaRecorder() constructor.
BlobEvent
Provides access to a Blob object containing the media captured by the MediaRecorder.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
MediaStream Recording Working Draft Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome[2][3] Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 49.0 25.0 (25.0) No support No support No support
Feature Android Android Webview Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support No support 49.0 25.0 (25.0) 1.3[1] No support No support No support 49.0
  • [1] The initial Firefox OS implementation only supported audio recording.
  • [2] To use MediaRecorder in Chrome 47 and 48, enable experimental Web Platform features from the chrome://flags page.
  • [3] Audio recording work in Chrome 49 and above; Chrome 47 and 48 only support video recording.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: SOCSIELEARNING,