File: type property

Returns the media type (MIME) of the file represented by a File object.


A string, containing the media type(MIME) indicating the type of the file, for example "image/png" for PNG images



<input type="file" id="filepicker" name="fileList" multiple />
<output id="output"></output>


const output = document.getElementById("output");
const filepicker = document.getElementById("filepicker");

filepicker.addEventListener("change", (event) => {
  const files =;
  output.textContent = "";

  for (const file of files) {
    output.textContent += `${}: ${file.type || "unknown"}\n`;


Note: Based on the current implementation, browsers won't actually read the bytestream of a file to determine its media type. It is assumed based on the file extension; a PNG image file renamed to .txt would give "text/plain" and not "image/png". Moreover, file.type is generally reliable only for common file types like images, HTML documents, audio and video. Uncommon file extensions would return an empty string. Client configuration (for instance, the Windows Registry) may result in unexpected values even for common types. Developers are advised not to rely on this property as a sole validation scheme.


File API
# dfn-type

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also