EffectTiming.duration

This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The duration property of the dictionary EffectTiming in the Web Animations API specifies the duration in milliseconds that a single iteration (from beginning to end) the animation should take to complete.

Element.animate(), KeyframeEffectReadOnly(), and KeyframeEffect() all accept an object of timing properties including duration. The value of duration corresponds directly to AnimationEffectTimingReadOnly.duration in timing objects returned by AnimationEffectReadOnly, KeyframeEffectReadOnly, and KeyframeEffect.

Syntax

var timingProperties = {
  duration: durationInMilliseconds | "auto"
};

timingProperties.duration = durationInMilliseconds | "auto";

Value

The number of milliseconds long a single beginning-to-end iteration of the animation should take. The default is "auto". This value must not be negative; otherwise, it can have any value (including positive infinity).

Currently, a value of "auto" is the same as specifying 0.0. This is a forwards-compatiblity measure since in the future, "auto" will be expanded to take into account the duration of any child effects. Consider using "auto" rather than 0 if that makes sense.

Exceptions

TypeError
The specified value is either a string other than "auto", a number less than zero, NaN, or some other type of object entirely.

Examples

In the Pool of Tears example, each tear is passed a random duration via its timing object:

// Randomizer function
var getRandomMsRange = function(min, max) {
  return Math.random() * (max - min) + min;
}

// Loop through each tear
tears.forEach(function(el) { 

  // Animate each tear
  el.animate(
    tearsFalling, 
    {
       delay: getRandomMsRange(-1000, 1000), // randomized for each tear
       duration: getRandomMsRange(2000, 6000), // randomized for each tear
       iterations: Infinity,
       easing: "cubic-bezier(0.6, 0.04, 0.98, 0.335)"
    });
});

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Web Animations
The definition of 'duration' in that specification.
Working Draft Editor's draft.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
Basic support
Experimental
Chrome Full support YesEdge ? Firefox Full support 63IE No support NoOpera Full support YesSafari No support NoWebView Android ? Chrome Android ? Edge Mobile ? Firefox Android Full support 63Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: fscholz, Sheppy, rachelnabors, chrisdavidmills
Last updated by: fscholz,